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Journal Articles

Impact of China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme on Township Health Centers

Kim Singer Babiarz, Grant Miller, Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle
Health Affairs, 2012 December 31, 2012
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Journal Articles

HIV Development Assistance and Adult Mortality in Africa

Eran Bendavid, Charles Holmes, Jay Bhattacharya, Grant Miller
Journal of the American Medical Association, 2012 December 31, 2012

Context  The effect of global health initiatives on population health is uncertain. Between 2003 and 2008, the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the largest initiative ever devoted to a single disease, operated intensively in 12 African focus countries. The initiative's effect on all-cause adult mortality is unknown.

Objective  To determine whether PEPFAR was associated with relative changes in adult mortality in the countries and districts where it operated most intensively.

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Journal Articles

Accounting for Biases When Linking Empirical Studies and Simulation Models

Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert
Med Decis Making, 2012 December 31, 2012
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Journal Articles

Relationship between patient safety and hospital surgical volume

Hernandez-Boussard, T., Downey, J.R., Kathryn M. McDonald, Morton, J.M.
Health Services Research, 2012 December 31, 2012

Objective To examine the relationship between hospital volume and in-hospital adverse events. Data Sources Patient safety indicator (PSI) was used to identify hospital-acquired adverse events in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database in abdominal aortic aneurysm, coronary artery bypass graft, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass from 2005 to 2008. Study Design In this observational study, volume thresholds were defined by mean year-specific terciles. PSI risk-adjusted rates were analyzed by volume tercile for each procedure.

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Journal Articles

Determinants of Adverse Events in Vascular Surgery

Hernandez-Boussard T, Kathryn M. McDonald, Morton JM, Dalman RL, Bech FR
J Am Coll Surg, 2012 December 31, 2012

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patient safety is a national priority. Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) monitor potential adverse events during hospital stays. Surgical specialty PSI benchmarks do not exist, and are needed to account for differences in the range of procedures performed, reasons for the procedure, and differences in patient characteristics. A comprehensive profile of adverse events in vascular surgery was created.

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Journal Articles

Automated extraction of ejection fraction for quality measurement using regular expressions in Unstructured Information Management Architecture (UIMA) for heart failure

Garvin JH, Duvall SL, South BR, Bray BE, Bolton D, Heavirland J, Pickard S, Heidenreich P, Shen S, Weir C, Samore M, Mary Goldstein
J Am Med Inform Assoc, 2012 December 31, 2012

ObjectivesLeft ventricular ejection fraction (EF) is a key component of heart failure quality measures used within the Department of Veteran Affairs (VA). Our goals were to build a natural language processing system to extract the EF from free-text echocardiogram reports to automate measurement reporting and to validate the accuracy of the system using a comparison reference standard developed through human review.

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Journal Articles

Assessment of health literacy and numeracy among Spanish-speaking parents of young children: Validation of the Spanish parental health literacy activities test (PHLAT Spanish)

Yin, H.S., Lee M. Sanders, Rothman, R.L., Mendelsohn, A.L., Dreyer, B.P., White, R.O., Finkle, J.P., Prendes, S., Perrin, E.M.
Academic Pediatrics, 2012 December 31, 2012

Objective: To assess the health literacy and numeracy skills of Spanish-speaking parents of young children and to validate a new Spanish language health literacy assessment for parents, the Spanish Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT Spanish). Methods: Cross-sectional study of Spanish-speaking caregivers of young children (<30 months) enrolled at primary care clinics in 4 academic medical centers. Caregivers were administered the 10-item PHLAT in addition to validated tests of health literacy (S-TOFHLA) and numeracy (WRAT-3 Arithmetic).

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Journal Articles

Optimal link removal for epidemic mitigation: A two-way partitioning approach

Eva Enns, Mounzer, J.J., Margaret Brandeau
Mathematical Biosciences, 2012 December 31, 2012
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Journal Articles

Cost-effective alternatives to liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C

Shan Liu, Michaël Schwarzinger, Fabrice Carrat, Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert
PLoS One, 2012 December 31, 2012

Background and Aims

Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) is a liver disease affecting over 3 million Americans. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for assessing liver fibrosis and is used as a benchmark for initiating treatment, though it is expensive and carries risks of complications. FibroTest is a non-invasive biomarker assay for fibrosis, proposed as a screening alternative to biopsy.

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Journal Articles

Mental health services use by children investigated by child welfare agencies

Sarah (Sally) M. Horwitz, Hurlburt MSHurlburt MS, Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert, Heneghan AM, Zhang J, Rolls-Reutz J, Fisher E, Landsverk J, Stein RE
Pediatrics, 2012 November 1, 2012
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Journal Articles

Telephone monitoring and support after discharge from residential PTSD treatment: A randomized controlled trial

Rosen CS, Tiet QQ, Harris AHS, Julian TF, McKay J, Moore WM, Owen RR, Rogers S, Rosito O, Smith DE, Mark W. Smith, Schnurr PP
Psychiatric Services, 2012 November 1, 2012
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Journal Articles

PEPFAR and Adult Mortality - Reply

Eran Bendavid, Charles Holmes, Grant Miller
JAMA, 2012 September 12, 2012
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Journal Articles

Risk Factors for Unplanned Transfer to Intensive Care Within 24 Hours of Admission From the Emergency Department in an Integrated Healthcare System

Mucio Kit Delgado, Vincent Liu, Jesse M. Pines, Patricia Kipnis, Marla N. Gardner, Gabriel J. Escobar
Journal of Hospital Medicine, 2012 August 10, 2012

BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) ward admissions subsequently transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) within 24 hours have higher mortality than direct ICU admissions.

DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS: Describe risk factors for unplanned ICU transfer within 24 hours of ward arrival from the ED.

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Journal Articles

Helicopter vs ground transportation for patients with trauma.

Mucio Kit Delgado, Craig D. Newgard, Renee Y. Hsia
JAMA, 2012 August 8, 2012
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Journal Articles

RESPECT-PTSD: Re-Engineering Systems for the Primary Care Treatment of PTSD, a randomized controlled trial

Paula Schnurr, Matthew Friedman, Thomas Oxman, Allen Dietrich, Mark W. Smith, Brian Shiner, Elizabeth Forshay, Jiang Gui, Veronica Thurston
Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2012 August 3, 2012
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Journal Articles

Cost-effectiveness of early colectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastamosis versus standard medical therapy in severe ulcerative colitis.

KT Park, R Tsai, F Perez, LE Cipriano, D Bass, AM Garber
Ann Surg, 2012 July 1, 2012

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Inflammatory bowel diseases are costly chronic gastrointestinal diseases. We aimed to determine whether immediate colectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastamosis (IPAA) after diagnosis of severe ulcerative colitis (UC) was cost-effective compared to the standard medical therapy.

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Journal Articles

Epidemiology of henipavirus disease in humans

Stephen P. Luby, Stephen Luby, Gurley ES
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol, 2012 July 1, 2012
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Journal Articles

Low demand for nontraditional cookstove technologies

Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, Puneet Dwivedi, Robert Bailis, Lynn Hildemann, Grant Miller
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2012 June 11, 2012
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Journal Articles

Diabetes, Its Treatment, and Catastrophic Medical Spending in 35 Developing Countries

Crystal Smith-Spangler, Jay Bhattacharya, Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert
Diabetes Care, 2012 June 11, 2012

OBJECTIVE To assess the individual financial impact of having diabetes in developing countries, whether diabetic individuals possess appropriate medications, and the extent to which health insurance may protect diabetic individuals by increasing medication possession or decreasing the risk of catastrophic spending.

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Working Papers

The New Demographic Transition: Most Gains in Life Expectancy Now Realized Late in Life

Karen Eggleston, Victor R. Fuchs
Asia Health Policy Program working paper # 29, 2012 June 11, 2012

The share of increases in life expectancy realized after age 65 was only about 20 percent at the beginning of the 20th century for the United States and 16 other countries at comparable stages of development; but that share was close to 80 percent by the dawn of the 21st century, and is almost certainly approaching 100 percent asymptotically. This new demographic transition portends a diminished survival effect on working life. For high-income countries at the forefront of the longevity transition, expected lifetime labor force participation as a percent of life expectancy is declining.

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Journal Articles

Community hospital admission from the emergency department by persons with substance use disorders

Schildhaus S, Stocks C, Santora PB, Mark Smith
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 2012 June 4, 2012
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Journal Articles

The Utility of Childhood and Adolescent Obesity Assessment in Relation to Adult Health

Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert, Rachel Rubinfeld, Jay Bhattacharya, Thomas N. Robinson, Paul H. Wise
Medical Decision Making, 2012 May 29, 2012

Background: High childhood obesity prevalence has raised concerns about future adult health, generating calls for obesity screening of young children. 

Objective: To estimate how well childhood obesity predicts adult obesity and to forecast obesity-related health of future US adults. 

Design: Longitudinal statistical analyses; microsimulations combining multiple data sets. 

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Journal Articles

Health-related quality of life as a predictor of mortality among survivors of AKI

Vilija Joyce, Mark W. Smith, Johansen KL, Unruh ML, Siroka AM, O’Connor TZ, Palevsky PM, for the VA/NIH Acute Renal Failure Trial Network
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2012 May 17, 2012
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