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Journal Article

Matthew J. Spittal, David M. Studdert, Ron Paterson, Marie M. Bismark
BioMed Central Medicine, 2016

Background

Medical boards and other practitioner boards aim to protect the public from unsafe practice. Previous research has examined disciplinary actions against doctors, but other professions (e.g., nurses and midwives, dentists, psychologists, pharmacists) remain understudied.

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Journal Article

The US Preventive Services Task Force, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C. Grossman, Susan J. Curry, Karina W. Davidson, John W. Epling, Jr., Francisco A. R. Garcia, Matthew W. Gillman, Alex R. Kemper, Alex H. Krist, Ann E. Kurth, Seth Landefeld, Michael LeFevre, Carol M. Mangione, Douglas K. Owens, Williams R. Phillips, Maureen G. Phibbs, Michael P. Pignone, Albert L. Siu
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 2016

Importance  Elevations in levels of total, low-density lipoprotein, and non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and, to a lesser extent, elevated triglyceride levels are associated with risk of cardiovascular disease in adults.

Objective  To update the 2007 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for lipid disorders in children, adolescents, and young adults.

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Journal Article

Shahana Parveen, M. Saiful Islam, Momtaz Begum, Mahbub-Ul Alam, Hossain M. S. Sazzad, Rebecca Sultana, Mahmudur Rahman, Emily S. Gurley, M. Jahangir Hossain, Stephen P. Luby
BMC Public Health, 2016

Background

During a fatal Nipah virus (NiV) outbreak in Bangladesh, residents rejected biomedical explanations of NiV transmission and treatment and lost trust in the public healthcare system. Field anthropologists developed and communicated a prevention strategy to bridge the gap between the biomedical and local explanation of the outbreak.

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Journal Article

Maria Polyakova
Journal of Health Economics, 2016

Abstract:  Conventional wisdom suggests that if private health insurance plans compete alongside a public option, they may endanger the latter's financial stability by cream-skimming good risks. This paper argues that two factors may contribute to the extent of cream-skimming: (i) degree of horizontal differentiation between public and private options when preferences are heterogeneous; (ii) whether contract design encourages choice of private insurance before information about risk is revealed.

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Journal Article

Geoffrey T. Tso, Kaeli Yuen, Susana Martins, Samson W. Tu, Michael Ashcraft, Paul A. Heidenreich, Brian B. Hoffman, Mary K. Goldstein
AMIA Joint Summits on Translational Science Proceedings, 2016

Clinical decision support (CDS) systems with complex logic are being developed. Ensuring the quality of CDS is imperative, but there is no consensus on testing standards. We tested ATHENA-HTN CDS after encoding updated hypertension guidelines into the system. A logic flow and a complexity analysis of the encoding were performed to guide testing. 100 test cases were selected to test the major pathways in the CDS logic flow, and the effectiveness of the testing was analyzed. The encoding contained 26 decision points and 3120 possible output combinations.

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Journal Article

Cora L. Bernard, Margaret L. Brandeau, Keith Humphreys, Eran Bendavid, Mark Holodniy, Christopher Weyant, Douglas K. Owens, Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert
Annals of Internal Medicine, 2016

Background: The total population health benefits and costs of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States are unclear.

Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness and optimal delivery conditions of PrEP for PWID.

Design: Empirically calibrated dynamic compartmental model.

Data Sources: Published literature and expert opinion.

Target Population: Adult U.S. PWID.

Time Horizon: 20 years and lifetime.

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Journal Article

Joshua J. Mooney, David Weill, Jack H. Boyd, Mark R. Nicolls, Jay Bhattacharya, Gundeep S. Dhillon
Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 2016

Rationale: Although lung transplant recipient survival is better at higher volume centers, the effect of center volume on admission cost and early hospital readmission is unknown.

Objectives: To understand the association between transplant center volume and recipient risk-adjusted transplant admission cost, in-hospital mortality, and early hospital readmission in lung transplant recipients.

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Journal Article

Elissa Z. Faro, C. Jason Wang, Suzette O. Oyeku
American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2016

Extensive variation exists in the follow-up of positive screens for sickle cell disease. Limited quality indicators exist to measure if the public health goals of screening—early initiation of treatment and enrollment to care—are being achieved. This manuscript focuses on the development of quality indicators related to the follow-up care for individuals identified with sickle cell disease and trait through screening processes. The authors used a modified Delphi method to develop the indicators.

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Journal Article

James V. Freeman, David W. Hutton, Geoffrey D. Barnes, Ruo P. Zhu, Douglas K. Owens, Alan M. Garber, Alan S. Go, Mark A. Hlatky, Paul A. Heidenreich, Paul J. Wang, Amin Al-Ahmad, Mintu P. Turakhia
Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, 2016

Background—Randomized trials of left atrial appendage (LAA) closure with the Watchman device have shown varying results, and its cost effectiveness compared with anticoagulation has not been evaluated using all available contemporary trial data.

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Working Paper

Liran Einav, Amy Finkelstein, Maria Polyakova
National Bureau of Economic Research, 2016
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Journal Article

David Chan, David Chan
Journal of Political Economy, 2016

Abstract:  How does teamwork increase productivity? Considering teamwork as joint monitoring and management, I investigate this question by studying the same emergency physicians working in two organizational systems differing in the team-management of work: Physicians are assigned patients in a "nurse-managed" system but divide patients between themselves in a "self-managed" system. The self-managed system increases throughput productivity by reducing a "foot-dragging" moral hazard, in which physicians prolong patient stays with expected future work.

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Journal Article

Nathan Lo, Anita Lowe, Eran Bendavid
Health Affairs, 2016

The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been the largest funder of abstinence and faithfulness programming in sub-Saharan Africa, with a cumulative investment of over US $1.4 billion in the period 2004–13.

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Journal Article

Ajay Israni, Carl Dean, Brian Kasel, Lisa Berndt, Winston Wildebush, C. Jason Wang
JMIR Public Health Surveillance, 2016

Background

Kidney transplant recipients must adhere to their immunosuppressive medication regimen. However, non-adherence remains a major problem.

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Journal Article

Paul H. Wise
Academic Pediatrics, 2016

The effect of child poverty and related early life experiences on adult health outcomes and patterns of aging has become a central focus of child health research and advocacy. In this article a critical review of this proliferating literature and its relevance to child health programs and policy are presented. This literature review focused on evidence of the influence of child poverty on the major contributors to adult morbidity and mortality in the United States, the mechanisms by which these associations operate, and the implications for reforming child health programs and policies.

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Book

Marcella Alsan, Afsan Bhadelia, Patricia Foo, Corinna Haberland, Felicia Knaul
World Scientific Handbook of Global Health Economics and Public Policy: The Economics of Health and Health Systems, 2016

This chapter highlights evidence that links women’s health challenges in LMICs to economics at every stage of life. It advances the notion that discrimination against women persists for sociocultural and economic reasons and is embodied in ill health and disability across the life span.

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Journal Article

Misha Amoils, Kay W. Chang, Olga Saynina, Paul H. Wise, Anita Honkanen
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery, 2016

Importance

A large-scale review is needed to characterize the rates of airway, respiratory, and cardiovascular complications after pediatric tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) for inpatient and ambulatory cohorts.

Objective

To identify risk factors for postoperative complications stratified by age and operative facility type among children undergoing T&A.

Design, Setting, and Participants

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Journal Article

Paul G. Barnett, Abra Jeffers, Mark W. Smith, Bruce K. Chow, Miles McFall, Andrew J. Saxon
Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 2016

INTRODUCTION:

We examined the cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation integrated with treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

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Working Paper

Christine Valente, Grant Miller
Demography (conditionally accepted), 2016
Abstract: 

There is longstanding debate in population policy about the relationship between modern contraception and abortion.  Although theory predicts that they should be substitutes, the existing body of empirical evidence is difficult to interpret.  What is required is a large-scale intervention that alters the supply (or full price) of one or the other – and importantly, does so in isolation (reproductive health programs

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Journal Article

Maria Polyakova
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2016
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Working Paper

Marcella Alsan
2016

How health technology interacts with underlying cultural norms may have unanticipated consequences for development. Recent policy debates on closing the gender gap in developing countries have focused on affirmative action and economic growth, but there are reasons to expect that policies targeting the health of young children might also be effective.

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Journal Article

Allen Kachalia, Michelle M. Mello, Brahmajee K. Nallamothu, David M. Studdert
Circulation, 2016

Twenty years ago, few systematic efforts to make health care safer existed. Today, patient safety is a priority for patients, providers, payers, and policy makers. The Institute of Medicine’s 1999 report on medical error prompted a flurry of activity, including widespread adoption of error detection and reporting programs, movement toward systems approaches for addressing error, development of new clinical interventions to reduce error, and efforts to foster stronger safety cultures within healthcare organizations.

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Journal Article

David Studdert, Marie M. Bismark, Michelle M. Mello, Harnam Singh, Matthew J. Spittal
The New England Journal of Medicine, 2016

Background

The distribution of malpractice claims among physicians is not well understood. If claim-prone physicians account for a substantial share of all claims, the ability to reliably identify them at an early stage could guide efforts to improve care.

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Journal Article

Marie M. Bismark, Matthew J. Spittal, Jennifer M. Morris, David M. Studdert
The Medical Journal of Australia, 2016

Objective

To describe the frequency, nature and outcomes of reports about health practitioners made by their treating practitioners under Australia’s new mandatory reporting system.

Design and setting

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Journal Article

Danielle T. Barradas, Martin P. Wasserman, Lekisha Daniel-Robinson, Marino A. Bruce, Katherine Isselmann DiSantis, Frederick H. Navarro, Warren A. Jones, Nadine M. Manzi, Mark W. Smith, Brian M. Goodness
Maternal and Child Health Journal, 2016

Abstract: Objectives To describe hospital utilization and costs associated with preterm or low birth weight births (preterm/LBW) by payer prior to implementation of the Affordable Care Act and to identify areas for improvement in the quality of care received among preterm/LBW infants.

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Journal Article

Mark G. Kelman, David M. Studdert, John J. Callaghan, Monica S. Farid, Ashley L. Titan, Frederick R. Dietz
The Journal of Arthroplasty, 2016

For adolescent patients with end-stage hip disease, the choice between total hip arthroplasty (THA) and arthrodesis is complex; the clinical evidence is not definitive, and there are difficult trade-offs between clear short-term benefits from THA and uncertain long-term risks. We surveyed nearly 700 members of the Pediatric Orthopedic Society of North America and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons. Respondents chose between a recommendation of THA or arthrodesis in four clinical vignettes.

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