Josephine Jacobs is a health economist at the VA Health Economics Resource Center. Her research interests revolve around the economics of aging, with a focus on quantifying the costs and consequences of long-term care strategies. Her work explores issues relating to the benefits and, often overlooked, societal costs of informal caregiving in home and community settings. Josephine has conducted research evaluating the costs and effects of reproductive health, labor market, workplace health, and sport policies, utilizing both survey and administrative datasets. She was formerly at the Richard Ivey School of Business at the University of Western Ontario and the Center for Economic Demography at Lund University in Sweden. Josephine has a PhD in Health Economics from the University of Toronto and an MSc in Economic Demography from Lund University.