The HIV/AIDS pandemic has decimated family life in Africa. This project focused on the welfare of the “orphaned-elderly” – a class of elderly dependents whose traditional care-giving arrangements have collapsed. The authors presented their findings in January 2008. A manuscript, “HIV and Africa’s ‘Orphaned Elderly,’” was published in British Medical Journal. Another manuscript entitled, “The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Africa: An Evaluation of Outcomes” was published in Annals of Internal Medicine. “The relation of price of antiretroviral drugs and foreign assistance with coverage of HIV treatment in Africa: retrospective study” was published in British Medical Journal, and “United States aid policy and induced abortion in sub-Saharan Africa” was published in Bull World Health Organization.