Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 48 / 97

Cost Effectiveness of HIV Screening in the Elderly

December 2008

Although HIV infection is more prevalent in people younger than age 45 years, a substantial number of infections occur in older persons.

Chronic Disease and Severe Disability Among Working-Age Populations

January 2008

BACKGROUND: Recent work has shown that rates of severe disability, measured by the inability to perform basic activities of daily living, have been rising in working age populations.

Octogenarians and Nonagenarians Starting Dialysis in the United States

December 2007

BACKGROUND: The elderly constitute the fastest-growing segment of the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population, but the epidemiology and outcomes of dialysis among the very elderly, that is, those...

A Systematic Review of Cost-Utility Analyses in HIV/AIDS

December 2007

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether gaps exist in published cost-utility analyses as measured by their coverage of topics addressed in current HIV guidelines from the Department of Health and Human...

Women's Awareness and Knowledge of Hormone Therapy Post-Women's Health Initiative

September 2007

Objective: Findings from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) failed to confirm previous expectations about the net benefits of menopausal hormone therapy and have resulted in reduced use of these...

Evidence on Early-Life Income and Late-Life Health from America's Dust Bowl Era

August 2007

In recent decades, elderly Americans have enjoyed enormous gains in longevity and reductions in disability. The causes of this progress remain unclear, however.

Electronic Health Record Use and the Auality of Ambulatory Care in the United States

July 2007

Background: Electronic health records (EHRs) have been proposed as a sustainable solution for improving the quality of medical care.

Anticipation of Monetary Gain but not Loss in Healthy Older Adults

June 2007

Although the global declines in structure have been documented in the aging human brain, little is known about the functional integrity of the striatum and prefrontal cortex in older adults during...

Systematic Review: The Safety and Efficacy of Growth Hormone in the Healthy Elderly

January 2007

BackgroundHuman growth hormone (GH) is widely used as an antiaging therapy, although its use for this purpose has not been approved by the U.S.

New Directions for Public Health Care Purchasers? Responses to Looming Challenges

November 2006

State public employee health plans (PEHPs) provide health benefits for millions of state and local workers, retirees, and their dependents nationwide.

The Cost-effectiveness of Therapy With Teriparatide and Alendronate in Women With Severe Osteoporosis

June 2006

Background: Teriparatide is a promising new agent for the treatment of osteoporosis.

The Effects of Rate Regulation on Demand for Supplemental Health Insurance

May 2006

Many developed countries have a market for private health insurance that supplements publicly funded, universal coverage.

Effect of Geriatrics Evaluation and Management on Nursing Home Use and Health Care Costs: Results From a Randomized Trial

January 2006

Background: The Geriatric Evaluation and Management study was developed to assess the impact of a comprehensive geriatric assessment service on the care of the elderly.Objectives: We sought to...

Marriage form and age at first marriage: a comparative study in three counties in contemporary rural China.

December 2005

Using data from two surveys in three counties in which the prevalence of uxorilocal marriage differs greatly, this article analyzes the effects of marriage form, individual, family, and social...

Consequences of health trends and medical innovation for the future elderly

December 2005

Abstract Recent innovations in biomedicine seem poised to revolutionize medical practice. At the same time, disease and disability are increasing among younger populations.

Technological advances in cancer and future spending by the elderly

December 2005

This paper forecasts the consequences of scientific progress in cancer for total Medicare spending between 2005 and 2030.

Elevated late-night salivary cortisol levels in elderly male type 2 diabetic veterans

December 2005

OBJECTIVE: Late-night salivary cortisol (LNSC) is reportedly highly accurate for the diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome (CS).

Quality of US Outpatient Care: Temporal Changes and Racial/Ethnic Disparities

June 2005

Background: The current national measure set for the quality of health care underrepresents the spectrum of outpatient care and makes limited use of readily available national ambulatory care...

Technology Diffusion, Hospital Variation, and Racial Disparities Among Elderly Medicare Beneficiaries: 1989-2000

April 2005

Background: Low rates of technology utilization in hospitals with high proportions of black inpatients may be a remediable cause of healthcare disparities.Objectives: Our objective was to determine...

The Role of Public Health Improvements in Health Advances: The Twentieth Century United States

February 2005

Mortality rates in the United States fell more rapidly during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries than in any other period in American history.

Trends in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator racial disparity: the importance of geography

January 2005

ObjectivesThe study was designed to determine whether racial disparity in utilization of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has improved over time, and whether small-area geographic...

Disability forecasts and future Medicare costs

December 2004

The traditional focus of disability research has been on the elderly, with good reason.

Impacts of informal caregiver availability on long-term care expenditures in OECD countries

December 2004

Objective: To quantify the effects of informal caregiver availability and public funding on formal long-term care (LTC) expenditures in developed countries.

Magnitude and Nature of Risk Selection in Employer-Sponsored Health Plans, The

December 2004

Objective: To determine whether health maintenance organizations (HMOs) attract enrollees who use relatively few medical resources and whether a simple risk-adjustment system could mitigate or...