Recent Scholarly Publications

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Assessing Screening Policies for Childhood Obesity

January 2012

To address growing concerns over childhood obesity, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently recommended that children undergo obesity screening beginning at age 6.

Home blood pressure management and improved blood pressure control: results from a randomized controlled trial

December 2011

Abstract BACKGROUND: To determine which of 3 interventions was most effective in improving blood pressure (BP) control, we performed a 4-arm randomized trial with 18-month follow-up at the primary...

Improving practice guidelines with patient-specific recommendations

December 2011

Clinical practice guidelines aim to help providers make decisions that optimize patient care (1).

National Survey of Preventive Health Services in US Emergency Departments

November 2010

Study objective: We describe the availability of preventive health services in US emergency departments (EDs), as well as ED directors' preferred service and perceptions of barriers to offering...

Desalination of the American Diet: Population Strategies to Decrease Sodium Intake and the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease

March 2010

Background: Sodium consumption raises blood pressure, increasing the risk for heart attack and stroke.

Population Strategies to Decrease Sodium Intake and the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

March 2010

Background: Sodium consumption raises blood pressure, increasing the risk for heart attack and stroke.

The Benefits of Risk Factor Prevention in Americans Aged 51 Years and Older

November 2009

Abstract Objectives. We assessed the potential health and economic benefits of reducing common risk factors in older Americans.Methods.

Predictors of Hypertension Awareness, Treatment, and Control Among Mexican American Women and Men

November 2009

BACKGROUND: The burden of hypertension and related health care needs among Mexican Americans will likely increase substantially in the near future.

Patient Education and Provider Decision Support to Control Blood Pressure in Primary Care: A Cluster Randomized Trial

March 2009

BACKGROUND: Less than one third of the 65 million Americans with hypertension have adequate blood pressure (BP) control.

Adult Obesity and Office-based Quality of Care in the United States

February 2009

Nationally representative data on the quality of care for obese patients in US-ambulatory care settings are limited.

Using Health Information Technology to Improve Hypertension Management

June 2008

High-quality medical care requires implementing evidence-based best practices, with continued monitoring to improve performance.

Implementing Effective Hypertension Quality Improvement Strategies: Barriers and Potential Solutions

April 2008

Many quality improvement strategies have focused on improving blood pressure control, and these strategies can target the patient, the provider, and/or the system.

Hypertension intervention nurse telemedicine study (HINTS): Testing a multifactorial tailored behavioral/educational and a medication management intervention for blood pressure control

December 2007

Abstract BACKGROUND: Only 31% of Americans with hypertension have their blood pressure (BP) under effective control.

Using Pedometers to Increase Physical Activity and Improve Health: A Systematic Review

November 2007

Context: Without detailed evidence of their effectiveness, pedometers have recently become popular as a tool for motivating physical activity.

Association of Antihypertensive Therapy and Diastolic Hypotension in Chronic Kidney Disease

September 2007

The extent to which chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects achievement of blood pressure targets is not comprehensively understood.

Hypertension Intervention Nurse Telemedicine Study: Testing a Multifactorial Tailored Behavioral/Educational and a Medication Management Intervention for Blood Pressure Control

June 2007

Background: Only 31% of Americans with hypertension have their blood pressure (BP) under effective control.

Changes in Antihypertensive Prescribing During US Outpatient Visits for Uncomplicated Hypertension Between 1993 and 2004

December 2006

Monitoring national patterns of antihypertensive drug therapy is essential to assessing adherence to treatment guidelines and the impact of major scientific publications on physician prescribing....

Offline Testing of the ATHENA Hypertension Decision Support System Knowledge Base to Improve the Accuracy of Recommendations

December 2006

ATHENA-HTN is a clinical decision support system (CDSS) that delivers guideline-based patient-specific recommendations about hypertension management at the time of clinical decision-making.

Identifying Barriers to Hypertension Guideline Adherence Using Clinician Feedback at the Point of Care

December 2006

Factors contributing to low adherence to clinical guidelines by clinicians are not well understood.

Quality Improvement Strategies for Hypertension Management: A Systematic Review

July 2006

Background: Care remains suboptimal for many patients with hypertension.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of quality improvement (QI) strategies in lowering blood...

Racial differences in blood pressure control: potential explanatory factors

January 2006

PURPOSE: Poor blood pressure control remains a common problem that contributes to significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, particularly among African Americans.

Closing the Quality Gap: A Critical Analysis of Quality Improvement Strategies (Vol. 3: Hypertension Care)

December 2005

OBJECTIVE: Hypertension affects more than 50 million people in the United States alone.

The practitioner's dilemma: can we use a patient's race to predict genetics, ancestry, and the expected outcomes of treatment?

December 2005

Recent research has identified genetic traits that can be used in a laboratory setting to distinguish among global population groups.

Elevated late-night salivary cortisol levels in elderly male type 2 diabetic veterans

December 2005

OBJECTIVE: Late-night salivary cortisol (LNSC) is reportedly highly accurate for the diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome (CS).