Culture

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 20 / 20

What context features might be important determinants of the effectiveness of patient safety practice interventions?

December 2011

Abstract BACKGROUND: Differences in contexts (eg, policies, healthcare organisation characteristics) may explain variations in the effects of patient safety practice (PSP) implementations.

Identifying Organizational Cultures that Promote Patient Safety

October 2009

BACKGROUND: Safety climate refers to shared perceptions of what an organization is like with regard to safety, whereas safety culture refers to employees' fundamental ideology and orientation and...

Assessing the Value of a Diagnostic Test

July 2009

Why has diagnostic testing, and in particular diagnostic imaging, increased to such a high level in the United States?

Patient Safety Climate in US hospitals: Variation by Management Level

November 2008

BACKGROUND: Strengthening hospital safety culture offers promise for reducing adverse events, but efforts to improve culture may not succeed if hospital managers perceive safety differently from...

The Role of Economics in the QUERI Program: QUERI Series

March 2008

Background: The United States (U.S.) Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) has implemented economic analyses in single-site and multi-site clinical...

Improving Patient Safety by Taking Systems Seriously

January 2008

Patient safety has been a priority in health care since Hippocrates admonished physicians to "first do no harm." Even so, the Institute of Medicine found in 2000 that approximately 98 000 patients...

Inhalational, Gastrointestinal, and Cutaneous Anthrax in Children: A Systematic Review of Cases: 1900 to 2005

September 2007

Objective: To systematically review all published case reports of children with anthrax to evaluate the predictors of disease progression and mortality.

Workforce Perceptions of Hospital Safety Culture: Development and Validation of the Patient Safety Climate in Healthcare Organizations Survey

February 2007

Objective: To describe the development of an instrument for assessing workforce perceptions of hospital safety culture and to assess its reliability and validity.Data Sources/Study Setting: Primary...

Data withholding and the next generation of scientists: Results of a national survey

December 2006

Abstract PURPOSE: To provide the first national data on the nature, extent, and consequences of withholding among life science trainees.

An Empirical Assessment of High Performing Physician Organizations: Results from a National Study

August 2005

The performance of medical groups is receiving increased attention. Relatively little conceptual or empirical work exists that examines the various dimensions of medical group performance.

Monochorionic triplet gestation after in vitro fertilization using donor oocytes: case report and review

March 2005

Objective:To report on a patient with a monochorionic triamnionic triplet pregnancy after IVF with donor oocytes.Design:Case report.Setting:Academic tertiary care hospital.Patient:A 42-year-old...

The Role of Perceived Team Effectiveness in Improving Chronic Illness Care

November 2004

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The importance of teams for improving quality of care has received increased attention.

Toward a 21st Century Health System: The Contributions and Promise of Prepaid Group Practice

March 2004

Toward a 21st Century Health System is a collection of essays that explore a key element of the health care delivery system -- large multispecialty physician group practices.

Gender Differences in Child Survival in Contemporary Rural China: A County Study

January 2004

Using data from a survey of deaths of children less than 5 years old conducted in 1997 in a county in Shaanxi Province, China, this paper examines gender differences in child survival in...

Culture of Safety in California Hospitals, The

April 2003

Objective: To understand fundamental attitudes towards patient safety culture and ways in which attitudes vary by hospital, job class, and clinical status.

Helicobacter pylori in Cathartic Stools of Subjects With and Without Cimetidine-Induced Hypochlorhydria

February 2003

We previously identified viable Helicobacter pylori in stools from asymptomatic hosts. We now report whether a decrease in gastric acidity enhances faecal shedding. Sixteen asymptomatic H.

Perinatal Screening of Group B Streptococci: Cost-Benefit Analysis of Rapid Polymerase Chain Reaction

September 2002

Objective.

Strategies for Culturally Effective End-of-Life Care

May 2002

Fecal and Oral Shedding of Helicobacter pylori from Healthy Infected Adults

December 1999

Context: Helicobacter pylori commonly infects humans; however, its mode of transmission remains unknown.