Health Outcomes

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 48 / 70

The Relationship of Immigrant Status with Access, Utilization, and Health Status for Children with Asthma

November 2007

Despite their high levels of poverty and less access to health care, children in immigrant families have better than expected health outcomes compared with children in nonimmigrant families....

Expanded Use of Imaging Technology and the Challenge of Measuring Value

November 2008

The availability of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning has grown rapidly, but the value of increased availability is not clear.

The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Africa: An Evaluation of Outcomes

May 2009

Background: Since 2003, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been the most ambitious initiative to address the global HIV epidemic.

Potential Population Health Outcomes and Expenditures of HIV Vaccination Strategies in the United States

July 2009

Estimating the potential health benefits and expenditures of a partially effective HIV vaccine is an important consideration in the debate about whether HIV vaccine research should continue.

Identifying Organizational Cultures that Promote Patient Safety

October 2009

BACKGROUND: Safety climate refers to shared perceptions of what an organization is like with regard to safety, whereas safety culture refers to employees' fundamental ideology and orientation and...

Modeling human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in the United States for analyses of screening and vaccination

October 2007

BACKGROUND: To provide quantitative insight into current U.S.

Health outcomes and costs of community mitigation strategies for an influenza pandemic in the United States.

January 2010

BACKGROUND: The optimal community-level approach to control pandemic influenza is unknown.

Cost-Effectiveness of Strategies to Improve HIV Testing and Receipt of Results: Economic Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

March 2010

BACKGROUND: The CDC recommends routine voluntary HIV testing of all patients 13-64 years of age.

Impact of Managed Care on Publicly Insured Children with Special Health Care Needs

February 2010

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to evaluate the impact of managed care on publicly insured children with special health care needs (CSHCN).

An Evaluation of Patient Self-Testing Competency of Prothrombin Time for Managing Anticoagulation: Pre-randomization Results of VA Cooperative Study #481 – The Home INR Study (THINRS).

July 2010

Prior studies suggest patient self-testing (PST) of prothrombin time (PT) can improve the quality of anticoagulation (AC) and reduce complications (e.g., bleeding and thromboembolic events).

Quality-of-Care Indicators for Children With Sickle Cell Disease

December 2011

OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of quality-of-care indicators for the management of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) who are cared for in a variety of settings by addressing the broad spectrum...

Improving practice guidelines with patient-specific recommendations

December 2011

Clinical practice guidelines aim to help providers make decisions that optimize patient care (1).

Health system determinants of infant, child and maternal mortality: A cross-sectional study of UN member countries

December 2011

Abstract (provisional)ObjectiveFew studies have examined the link between health system strength and important public health outcomes across nations.

The cost-effectiveness of counseling strategies to improve adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among men who have sex with men

December 2008

Abstract Objective: Inadequate adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may lead to poor health outcomes and the development of HIV strains that are resistant to HAART.

Effects of rural status on health outcomes in pediatric liver transplantation: a single center analysis of 388 patients.

May 2011

Abstract Rural status of patients may impact health before and after pediatric LT. We used UI codes published by the USDA to stratify patients as urban or rural depending county residence.

Geographical Rural Status and Health Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: An Analysis of 6 Years of National United Network of Organ Sharing Data.

December 2012

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children in rural areas have worse health than children in urban areas after liver transplantation (LT).

Risk Protection, Service Use, and Health Outcomes Under Colombia's Health Insurance Program for the Poor

December 2013

Searching for Public Health Law’s Sweet Spot: The Regulation of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

July 2015

David Studdert and colleagues explore how to balance public health, individual freedom, and good government when it comes to sugar-sweetened drinks.

Health Aid Is Allocated Efficiently, But Not Optimally: Insights From A Review Of Cost-Effectiveness Studies

July 2015

Development assistance from high-income countries to the health sectors of low- and middle-income countries (health aid) is an important source of funding for health in low- and middle-income...

Quality of Life and Economic Outcomes of Assessing Fractional Flow Reserve With Computed Tomography Angiography

October 2015

Evaluating patients who may have coronary artery disease (CAD) is a challenging and extensive process.

Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men

August 2017

For forty years, the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male passively monitored hundreds of adult black males with syphilis despite the availability of effective treatment.

The weaker sex? Vulnerable men and women's resilience to socio-economic disadvantage

September 2016

Sex differences in mortality vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Screening for Colorectal Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

December 2016

Importance  Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis for People Who Inject Drugs in the United States

July 2016

Background: The total population health benefits and costs of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States are unclear.Objective: To evaluate the cost...