Health Outcomes

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 70 / 70

Prevalence and Health Correlates of Prostitution Among Patients Entering Treatment for Substance Use Disorders

March 2008

Context: Studies of prostitution have focused largely on individuals involved in the commercial sex trade, with an emphasis on understanding the public health effect of this behavior.

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Adjuvant Trastuzumab Regimens in Early HER2/neu-Positive Breast Cancer, A

December 2007

Purpose: One-year adjuvant trastuzumab (AT) therapy, with or without anthracyclines, increases disease-free and overall survival in early-stage HER2/neu-positive breast cancer.

Using Pedometers to Increase Physical Activity and Improve Health: A Systematic Review

November 2007

Context: Without detailed evidence of their effectiveness, pedometers have recently become popular as a tool for motivating physical activity.

The Relationship of Immigrant Status with Access, Utilization, and Health Status for Children with Asthma

November 2007

Despite their high levels of poverty and less access to health care, children in immigrant families have better than expected health outcomes compared with children in nonimmigrant families....

Modeling human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in the United States for analyses of screening and vaccination

October 2007

BACKGROUND: To provide quantitative insight into current U.S.

A Critical Analysis of Care Coordination Strategies for Children with Special Health Care Needs

June 2007

Objectives: The goal of this technical review is to critically examine the issue of care coordination for children with special health care needs (CSHCN).

Differences in Neonatal Mortality Among Whites and Asian American Subgroups: Evidence From California

January 2007

Objective: To obtain information about health outcomes in neonates in 9 subgroups of the Asian population in the United States.

The Impact of Patient Self-Testing of Prothrombin Time for Managing Anticoagulation: Rationale and Design of VA Cooperative Study #481 -- The Home INR Study (THINRS)

December 2005

Background: Anticoagulation (AC) with warfarin reduces the risk of thromboembolism (TE) in a variety of applications, yet despite compelling evidence of the value and importance of high quality AC,...

Lost Boys of Sudan: Functional and Behavioral Health of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Resettled in the United States, The

June 2005

Objective: To assess the functional and behavioral health of unaccompanied Sudanese refugee minors approximately 1 year after resettlement in the United States.

More variation in use of care, more flat-of-the-curve medicine

October 2004

Variation in use of health care is ubiquitous in the United States.

Cost-effectiveness of screening with B-type natriuretic peptide to identify patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction

March 2004

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of screening patients with a B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) blood test to identify those with depressed left ventricular...

Health Insurance Status, Medication Self-restriction Due to Cost, and Outcomes Among Diabetes Patients in Three Systems of Care

February 2004

BACKGROUND: Chronically ill patients often experience difficulty paying for their medications and, as a result, use less than prescribed.

Link between public and private insurance and HIV-related mortality, The

November 2003

As policymakers consider expanding insurance coverage for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV+) population, it is useful to ask whether insurance has any effect on health outcomes, and, if so,...

Cardiac Procedure Use and Outcomes in Elderly Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction in the United States and Quebec, Canada, 1988 to 1994

July 2003

Studies from the early 1990s have documented greater intensity of treatment for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the United States compared with Canada, with little difference in...

Managed Care, Technology Adoption, and Health Care: The Adoption of Neonatal Intensive Care

December 2002

Managed care may influence technology diffusion in health care.

Technological Change in Health Care: A Global Analysis of Heart Attack

October 2002

Evidence from the United States suggests that technological change is a key factor in understanding both medical expenditure growth and recent dramatic improvements in the health of people with...

Comparison of Preferences for Health Outcomes in Schizophrenia among Stakeholder Groups

May 2000

Medical Liability, Managed Care, and Defensive Medicine

February 2000

Because the optimal level of medical malpractice liability depends on the incentives provided by the health insurance system, the rise of managed care in the 1990s may affect the relationship...

How Liability Law Affects Medical Productivity

February 2000

Previous research suggests that "direct" reforms to the liability system - reforms designed to reduce the level of compensation to potential claimants - reduce medical expenditures without...

Effects of Health Care 'Report Cards' on Health Care Providers, The

December 1999

Health care report cards - public disclosure of patient health outcomes at the level of the individual physician and/or hospital - may address important informational asymmetries in markets for...

Who Gets Second Opinions?

December 1999

Six states require health plans to provide or authorize second medical opinions (SMOs).

Theoretical Foundations of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

December 1996

A unique, in-depth discussion of the uses and conduct of cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) as decision-making aids in the health and medical fields, Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine is...