Health Outcomes

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 48 / 70

Quality of Life and Economic Outcomes of Assessing Fractional Flow Reserve With Computed Tomography Angiography

October 2015

Evaluating patients who may have coronary artery disease (CAD) is a challenging and extensive process.

Defibrillator implantations for primary prevention in the United States: Inappropriate care or inadequate documentation: Insights from the National Cardiovascular Data ICD Registry

October 2015

BackgroundPrior studies have reported that more than 20% of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantations in the United States do not adhere to trial-based criteria.ObjectiveWe sought...

Risk of Cardiovascular Events Associated With Current Exposure to HIV Antiretroviral Therapies in a US Veteran Population

August 2015

Background. To characterize the association of antiretroviral drug combinations on risk of cardiovascular events.Methods. Certain antiretroviral medications for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...

Health Aid Is Allocated Efficiently, But Not Optimally: Insights From A Review Of Cost-Effectiveness Studies

July 2015

Development assistance from high-income countries to the health sectors of low- and middle-income countries (health aid) is an important source of funding for health in low- and middle-income...

Searching for Public Health Law’s Sweet Spot: The Regulation of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

July 2015

David Studdert and colleagues explore how to balance public health, individual freedom, and good government when it comes to sugar-sweetened drinks.

Risk Protection, Service Use, and Health Outcomes Under Colombia's Health Insurance Program for the Poor

December 2013

Geographical Rural Status and Health Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: An Analysis of 6 Years of National United Network of Organ Sharing Data.

December 2012

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children in rural areas have worse health than children in urban areas after liver transplantation (LT).

Health system determinants of infant, child and maternal mortality: A cross-sectional study of UN member countries

December 2011

Abstract (provisional)ObjectiveFew studies have examined the link between health system strength and important public health outcomes across nations.

Improving practice guidelines with patient-specific recommendations

December 2011

Clinical practice guidelines aim to help providers make decisions that optimize patient care (1).

Quality-of-Care Indicators for Children With Sickle Cell Disease

December 2011

OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of quality-of-care indicators for the management of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) who are cared for in a variety of settings by addressing the broad spectrum...

Effects of rural status on health outcomes in pediatric liver transplantation: a single center analysis of 388 patients.

May 2011

Abstract Rural status of patients may impact health before and after pediatric LT. We used UI codes published by the USDA to stratify patients as urban or rural depending county residence.

Health Outcomes and Costs of Community Mitigation Strategies for an Influenza Pandemic in the United States

December 2010

Background. The optimal community-level approach to control pandemic influenza is unknown. Methods.

An Evaluation of Patient Self-Testing Competency of Prothrombin Time for Managing Anticoagulation: Pre-randomization Results of VA Cooperative Study #481 – The Home INR Study (THINRS).

July 2010

Prior studies suggest patient self-testing (PST) of prothrombin time (PT) can improve the quality of anticoagulation (AC) and reduce complications (e.g., bleeding and thromboembolic events).

Cost-Effectiveness of Strategies to Improve HIV Testing and Receipt of Results: Economic Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

March 2010

BACKGROUND: The CDC recommends routine voluntary HIV testing of all patients 13-64 years of age.

Impact of Managed Care on Publicly Insured Children with Special Health Care Needs

February 2010

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to evaluate the impact of managed care on publicly insured children with special health care needs (CSHCN).

Health outcomes and costs of community mitigation strategies for an influenza pandemic in the United States.

January 2010

BACKGROUND: The optimal community-level approach to control pandemic influenza is unknown.

Confronting Social Disparities in Child Health: a Critical Appraisal of Life-Course Science and Research

November 2009

The utility of the life-course framework to address disparities in child health is based on its ability to integrate the science of child development with the requirements of effective and just...

Inpatient treatment of diabetic patients in Asia: evidence from India, China, Thailand and Malaysia

October 2009

Aims The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has grown rapidly, but little is known about the drivers of inpatient spending in low- and middle-income countries.

Identifying Organizational Cultures that Promote Patient Safety

October 2009

BACKGROUND: Safety climate refers to shared perceptions of what an organization is like with regard to safety, whereas safety culture refers to employees' fundamental ideology and orientation and...

Potential Population Health Outcomes and Expenditures of HIV Vaccination Strategies in the United States

July 2009

Estimating the potential health benefits and expenditures of a partially effective HIV vaccine is an important consideration in the debate about whether HIV vaccine research should continue.

The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Africa: An Evaluation of Outcomes

May 2009

Background: Since 2003, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been the most ambitious initiative to address the global HIV epidemic.

The cost-effectiveness of counseling strategies to improve adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among men who have sex with men

December 2008

Abstract Objective: Inadequate adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may lead to poor health outcomes and the development of HIV strains that are resistant to HAART.

Expanded Use of Imaging Technology and the Challenge of Measuring Value

November 2008

The availability of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning has grown rapidly, but the value of increased availability is not clear.

The Cost Effectiveness of Counseling Strategies to Improve Adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Among Men Who Have Sex With Men

June 2008

ObjectiveInadequate adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may lead to poor health outcomes and the development of HIV strains that are resistant to HAART.