Global Health

Recent Publications

Records 24 / 2022

The fog of development: evaluating the Millennium Villages Project

August 2018

 Shira Mitchell and colleagues' endline evaluation of the Millennium Villages Project (MVP) in The Lancet Global Health marks an important chapter in our understanding of Africa’s meandering path...

Anesthesia Care Team Composition and Surgical Outcomes

August 2018

The adjusted mortality for care teams with anesthesiologist assistants was 1.6% (95% CI, 1.4 to 1.8) versus 1.7% for care teams with nurse anesthetists (95% CI, 1.7 to 1.7; difference −0.08; 95% CI...

Cost Effectiveness of Radiation and Chemotherapy for High-Risk Low Grade Glioma

August 2018

The standard of care treatment for maximally resected, high risk (≥ 40 years old or sub-totally resected) low grade glioma (LGG) patients was established by RTOG 9802, which showed an overall...

Poverty and Community-Acquired Antimicrobial Resistance with Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase–Producing Organisms, Hyderabad, India

August 2018

The decreasing effectiveness of antimicrobial agents is a global public health threat, yet risk factors for community-acquired antimicrobial resistance (CA-AMR) in low-income settings have not been...

ACA Marketplace Premiums and Competition Among Hospitals and Physician Practices

July 2018

In this study published in the American Journal of Managed Care, the authors found that premiums for ACA Marketplace plans were higher in rating areas in which physician, hospital, and insurance...

Robust relationship between air quality and infant mortality in Africa

June 2018

Poor air quality is thought to be an important mortality risk factor globally, but there is little direct evidence from the developing world on how mortality risk varies with changing exposure to...

Does Diversity Matter for Health? Experimental Evidence from Oakland

June 2018

 We study the effect of diversity in the physician workforce on the demand for preventive care among African-American men.

Learning on the Job: Evidence from Physicians in Training

March 2018

Abstract: Learning on the job creates a tradeoff in team decisions: Workers with less knowledge have less to contribute to team decisions, but experiential learning may require that trainees also...

Industry Input in Policymaking: Evidence from Medicare

February 2018

Abstract: In setting prices for physician services, Medicare solicits input from a committee that evaluates proposals from industry.

Is Single Payer the Answer for the US Health Care System?

January 2018

The recent challenges to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which has increased the number of individuals with health insurance in the United States but has had little effect on cost, has revived the...

Drug Companies’ Liability for the Opioid Epidemic

December 2017

The opioid epidemic has claimed more than 300,000 lives in the United States since 20001 and could claim another half million over the next decade.

Family Planning and Fertility Behavior: Evidence from Twentieth Century Malaysia

December 2017

There is longstanding debate about the contribution of family planning programs to fertility decline.

Relationship between season of birth, temperature exposure, and later life wellbeing

December 2017

We study how exposure to extreme temperatures in early periods of child development is related to adult economic outcomes measured 30 y later.

Marketplace Plans Provide Risk Protection, But Actuarial Values Overstate Realized Coverage For Most Enrollees

December 2017

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased the number of Americans with health insurance.

Characteristics Associated With Decreased or Increased Mortality Risk From Glycemic Therapy Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and High Cardiovascular Risk: Machine Learning Analysis of the ACCORD Trial

December 2017

OBJECTIVE Identifying patients who may experience decreased or increased mortality risk from intensive glycemic therapy for type 2 diabetes remains an important clinical challenge.

Validation of Risk Equations for Complications of Type 2 Diabetes (RECODe) Using Individual Participant Data From Diverse Longitudinal Cohorts in the U.S.

December 2017

OBJECTIVE We sought to validate risk equations for complications of type 2 diabetes (RECODe) among diverse populations.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We compared risk predictions from RECODe equations...

PCSK9 Inhibitors Economics and Policy

November 2017

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors substantially reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, but it is presently unclear whether they also reduce mortality.

Modeling Public Health and Healthcare Systems

November 2017

From federal reforms to hospital management, the road to better and more cost-effective healthcare is paved with difficult questions: How do we reduce wait times?

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation and Health Care Expenditures Among Low-Income Adults

September 2017

ObjectiveTo determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures.Main Outcomes and MeasuresTotal health care...

Drug-Free Interventions to Reduce Pain or Opioid Consumption After Total Knee Arthroplasty A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

September 2017

To systematically review and meta-analyze evidence of nonpharmacological interventions for postoperative pain management after total knee arthroplasty.

Social Isolation and Medicare Spending: Among Older Adults, Objective Isolation Increases Expenditures While Loneliness Does Not

September 2017

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of objective isolation and loneliness on Medicare spending and outcomes. Method: We linked Health and Retirement Study data to...

Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation

September 2017

This paper studies how in utero exposure to maternal stress from family ruptures affects later mental health.

High Levels Of Capitation Payments Needed To Shift Primary Care Toward Proactive Team And Nonvisit Care

September 2017

Capitated payments in the form of fixed monthly payments to cover all of the costs associated with delivering primary care could encourage primary care practices to transform the way they deliver...

Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men

August 2017

For forty years, the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male passively monitored hundreds of adult black males with syphilis despite the availability of effective treatment.

People

Kathryn M. McDonald Senior Research Scholar Executive Director, CHP/PCOR, Senior Scholar, CHP/PCOR
Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine
Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Victor R. Fuchs Professor, Economics, Emeritus
W. Richard Scott Professor, Sociology, Emeritus
Susan M. Frayne Associate Professor, Medicine
Glenn M. Chertow Professor, Medicine