Foreign Policy

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 48 / 128

Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of HIV Antiretroviral Regimens Recommended in the World Health Organization’s Guidelines for Resource-limited Settings

January 2011

Objective: The World Health Organization (WHO) recently changed its first-line antiretroviral treatment guidelines in resource-limited settings.

The cost-effectiveness and population outcomes of expanded HIV screening and antiretroviral treatment in the united states

December 2010

Abstract BACKGROUND: Although recent guidelines call for expanded routine screening for HIV, resources for antiretroviral therapy (ART) are limited, and all eligible persons are not currently...

Variability in nucleus accumbens activity mediates age-related suboptimal financial risk taking

December 2010

Abstract As human life expectancy continues to rise, financial decisions of aging investors may have an increasing impact on the global economy.

The relationship between HIV testing, stigma, and health service usage

December 2010

We explore whether HIV stigma is associated with seeking to conceal testing interest.

Cost-effective control of chronic viral diseases: Finding the optimal level of screening and contact tracing

December 2010

Chronic viral diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) afflict millions of people worldwide.

The Cost Effectiveness and Population Outcomes of Expanded HIV Screening and Antiretroviral Treatment in the United States

December 2010

Background: Although recent guidelines call for expanded routine screening for HIV, resources for antiretroviral therapy (ART) are limited, and all eligible persons are not currently receiving...

The Relation of Price of Antiretroviral Drugs and Foreign Assistance with Coverage of HIV Treatment in Africa: Retrospective Study

November 2010

Objective To determine the association of reductions in price of antiretroviral drugs and foreign assistance for HIV with coverage of antiretroviral treatment. Design Retrospective study.

National Survey of Preventive Health Services in US Emergency Departments

November 2010

Study objective: We describe the availability of preventive health services in US emergency departments (EDs), as well as ED directors' preferred service and perceptions of barriers to offering...

Scaling Up Circumcision Programs in Southern Africa: The Potential Impact of Gender Disparities and Changes in Condom Use Behaviors on Heterosexual HIV Transmission

September 2010

Circumcision significantly reduces female-to-male transmission of HIV infection, but changes in behavior may influence the overall impact on transmission.

Comparative Effectiveness of HIV Testing and Treatment in Highly Endemic Regions

August 2010

BACKGROUND: Universal testing and treatment holds promise for reducing the burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in sub-Saharan Africa, but linkage from testing to treatment sites and...

AIDS and Declining Support for Dependent Elderly People in Africa: Retrospective Analysis Using Demographic and Health Surveys

June 2010

Objectives To determine the relation between the HIV/AIDS epidemic and support for dependent elderly people in Africa.Design Retrospective analysis using data from Demographic and Health Surveys....

Cost-Effectiveness of Strategies to Improve HIV Testing and Receipt of Results: Economic Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

March 2010

BACKGROUND: The CDC recommends routine voluntary HIV testing of all patients 13-64 years of age.

Quality of life of patients with advanced HIV/AIDS: measuring the impact of both AIDS-defining events and non-AIDS serious adverse events.

December 2009

Switch from enfuvirtide to raltegravir in virologically suppressed HIV-1 infected patients: Effects on level of residual viremia and quality of life

December 2009

Abstract BACKGROUND: Raltegravir is a potential treatment option for virologically suppressed HIV-1 infected patients on enfuvirtide with injection site reactions.

Program spending to increase adherence: South african cervical cancer screening.

December 2009

Abstract  Background Adherence is crucial for public health program effectiveness, though the benefits of increasing adherence must ultimately be weighed against the associated costs.

Optimal Investment in HIV Prevention Programs: More Is Not Always Better

December 2009

This paper develops a mathematical/economic framework to address the following question: Given a particular population, a specific HIV prevention program and a fixed amount of funds that could be...

Inpatient treatment of diabetic patients in Asia: evidence from India, China, Thailand and Malaysia

October 2009

Aims The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has grown rapidly, but little is known about the drivers of inpatient spending in low- and middle-income countries.

A Randomized Trial of Computer-based Reminders and Audit and Feedback to Improve HIV Screening in a Primary Care Setting

August 2009

Despite recommendations for voluntary HIV screening, few medical centres have implemented screening programmes.

Potential Population Health Outcomes and Expenditures of HIV Vaccination Strategies in the United States

July 2009

Estimating the potential health benefits and expenditures of a partially effective HIV vaccine is an important consideration in the debate about whether HIV vaccine research should continue.

The Concurrent Validity and Responsiveness of the Health Utilities Index (HUI 3) Among Patients with Advanced HIV/AIDS

June 2009

Objectives To assess the concurrent validity and responsiveness of the Health Utility Index 3 (HUI3) in patients with advanced HIV/AIDS, and to determine the responsiveness of this measure, the MOS...

The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Africa: An Evaluation of Outcomes

May 2009

Background: Since 2003, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been the most ambitious initiative to address the global HIV epidemic.

Expanding Antiretroviral Options in Resource-Limited Settings-A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

May 2009

Background Current World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for treatment of HIV in resource-limited settings call for 2 antiretroviral regimens.

Decision Framework for Coordinating Bioterrorism Planning, A: Lessons from the BioNet Program

January 2009

Background: Effective disaster preparedness requires coordination across multiple organizations.