Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 48 / 66

Lung Cancer Incidence in Never Smokers

February 2007

Purpose: Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide.

Using Pedometers to Increase Physical Activity and Improve Health: A Systematic Review

November 2007

Context: Without detailed evidence of their effectiveness, pedometers have recently become popular as a tool for motivating physical activity.

Identifying best practices in dialysis care: results of cognitive interviews and a national survey of dialysis providers

July 2000

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Because there is wide variation in case-mix adjusted outcomes across dialysis facilities, it is possible that top-performing facilities use practices not shared by others...

Chronic Disease and Severe Disability Among Working-Age Populations

January 2008

BACKGROUND: Recent work has shown that rates of severe disability, measured by the inability to perform basic activities of daily living, have been rising in working age populations.

Incidence of the Healthcare Costs of Obesity, The

May 2009

Who pays the healthcare costs associated with obesity? Among workers, this is largely a question of the incidence of the costs of employer-sponsored coverage.

Adult Obesity and Office-based Quality of Care in the United States

February 2009

Nationally representative data on the quality of care for obese patients in US-ambulatory care settings are limited.

Optimal Screening Policies for Childhood Obesity

December 2012

Parent Involvement Is Associated With Early Success in Obesity Treatment

June 2009

Objective: The study examined the influence of parent involvement and family factors on body mass index (BMI) change in a pediatric obesity treatment program.

Potential Population Health Outcomes and Expenditures of HIV Vaccination Strategies in the United States

July 2009

Estimating the potential health benefits and expenditures of a partially effective HIV vaccine is an important consideration in the debate about whether HIV vaccine research should continue.

Does Health Insurance Make You Fat?

July 2009

The prevalence of obesity has been rising dramatically in the U.S., leading to poor health and rising health care expenditures.

Predictors of Hypertension Awareness, Treatment, and Control Among Mexican American Women and Men

November 2009

BACKGROUND: The burden of hypertension and related health care needs among Mexican Americans will likely increase substantially in the near future.

Modeling human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in the United States for analyses of screening and vaccination

October 2007

BACKGROUND: To provide quantitative insight into current U.S.

Male involvement in cardiovascular preventive healthcare in two rural Costa Rican communities

June 2005

BACKGROUND: Gender differences in health system usage can lead to differences in the incidence of morbidity and mortality.

Randomized Controlled Community-based Nutrition and Exercise Intervention Improves Glycemia and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Rural Costa Rica

January 2003

OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes, especially in developing countries, has grown over the past decades.

An Environment-Wide Association study (EWAS) on type 2 diabetes mellitus

May 2010

BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) and other chronic diseases are caused by a complex combination of many genetic and environmental factors.

The Benefits of Risk Factor Prevention in Americans Aged 51 Years and Older

November 2009

Abstract Objectives. We assessed the potential health and economic benefits of reducing common risk factors in older Americans.Methods.

Diabetes Mellitus and Tuberculosis in Countries with High Tuberculosis Burdens: Individual Risks and Social Determinants

January 2011

Background A growing body of evidence supports the role of type 2 diabetes as an individual-level risk factor for tuberculosis (TB), though evidence from developing countries with the highest TB...

The Behavioural Economics of Exercise Habits

February 2011

Obesity – and its related illnesses – endangers the lives of millions across the world.

Cost-effectiveness of a Modestly Effective HIV Vaccine in the United States

April 2011

BACKGROUND: The recent RV144 clinical trial showed that an ALVAC/AIDSVAX prime-boost  HIV vaccine regimen may confer partial immunity in recipients and reduce transmission by 31%.

Surgically Induced Weight Loss Improve Daytime Sleepiness?

December 2011

Abstract Morbid obesity is associated with excessive daytime sleepiness and reduced health-related quality of life.

Interventions aimed at decreasing obesity in children younger than 2 years: A systematic review

December 2010

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence for interventions designed to prevent or reduce overweight and obesity in children younger than 2 years.

ABC's and 123's: Parental literacy, numeracy, and childhood obesity

December 2008

The immigration and health paradox: Obesity in multiethnic young children

December 2008

The rising U.S. obesity prevalence has disproportionately affected minority children.

Health literacy and child health promotion: Implications for research, clinical care, and public policy

December 2009

The nation's leading sources of morbidity and health disparities (eg, preterm birth, obesity, chronic lung disease, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, mental health disorders, and cancer)...