Recent Scholarly Publications

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Gender Differences in Child Survival in Contemporary Rural China: A County Study

January 2004

Using data from a survey of deaths of children less than 5 years old conducted in 1997 in a county in Shaanxi Province, China, this paper examines gender differences in child survival in...

Are the Young Becoming More Disabled?

January 2004

This paper investigates trends in disability in the U.S. population, particularly among people under age fifty.

Poverty, Food Insecurity, and Nutritional Outcomes in Children and Adults

October 2003

Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we examine the relationship between nutritional status, poverty, and food insecurity for household members of various ages.

Heat or Eat? Cold-Weather Shocks and Nutrition in Poor American Families

July 2003

Objectives The authors sought to determine the effects of cold-weather periods on budgets and nutritional outcomes among poor American families.

Efficacy and Safety of Low-Carbohydrate Diets

April 2003

Context Low-carbohydrate diets have been popularized without detailed evidence of their efficacy or safety.

Randomized Controlled Community-based Nutrition and Exercise Intervention Improves Glycemia and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Rural Costa Rica

January 2003

OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes, especially in developing countries, has grown over the past decades.

Forecasting the Nursing Home Population

January 2003

Validity of Children's Food Portion Estimates: A Comparison of 2 Measurement Aids

December 2002

Background: Policy and clinical decisions regarding children's nutrition are often based on dietary intake estimates from self-reports.

Air Pollution and Medical Care Use by Older Americans: A Cross-Area Analysis

November 2002

The case for reduction of air pollution has been predicated primarily on the frequently observed relationship between pollution and mortality and morbidity.

The 30-Second Effect: An Experiment Revealing the Impact of Television Commercials on Food Preferences of Preschoolers

December 2001

Objective:To examine whether televised food commercials influence preschool children's food preferences.

Is Parental Control Over Children's Eating Associated with Childhood Obesity? Results from a Population-Based Sample of Third Graders

December 2001

Objective: Identifying parental behaviors that influence childhood obesity is critical for the development of effective prevention and treatment programs.

Television Viewing and Childhood Obesity

December 2001

Children spend a substantial portion of their lives watching television.

Reducing Children's Television Viewing to Prevent Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial

December 2000

Selected by the editors of Contemporary Pediatrics as the most significant pediatric study of 1999. Also first printed in 1999, v 282, p1561-1567 JAMA

Identifying best practices in dialysis care: results of cognitive interviews and a national survey of dialysis providers

July 2000

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Because there is wide variation in case-mix adjusted outcomes across dialysis facilities, it is possible that top-performing facilities use practices not shared by others...

Antioxidant intakes and smoking status: data from the continuing survey of food intakes by individuals 1994-1996

March 2000

BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for several chronic oxidative diseases that can be ameliorated by antioxidants.

Withholding and Withdrawing Nutrition and Hydration: Surrogates Can Make this Decision for Incompetent Patients

December 1994

Does Television Viewing Increase Obesity and Reduce Physical Activity? Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Analyses among Adolescent Females

December 1993