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Recent Scholarly Publications

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Learning on the Job: Evidence from Physicians in Training

March 2018

Abstract: Learning on the job creates a tradeoff in team decisions: Workers with less knowledge have less to contribute to team decisions, but experiential learning may require that trainees also...

Industry Input in Policymaking: Evidence from Medicare

February 2018

Abstract: In setting prices for physician services, Medicare solicits input from a committee that evaluates proposals from industry.

The Evolving Story of Overlapping Surgery

June 2017

In December 2015, a Boston Globe investigation of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) sparked investigations into concurrent and overlapping surgery.

Relationship between patient safety and hospital surgical volume

December 2012

Objective To examine the relationship between hospital volume and in-hospital adverse events.

Determinants of Adverse Events in Vascular Surgery

December 2012

AbstractBACKGROUND:Patient safety is a national priority. Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) monitor potential adverse events during hospital stays.

Risk Factors for Unplanned Transfer to Intensive Care Within 24 Hours of Admission From the Emergency Department in an Integrated Healthcare System

August 2012

BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) ward admissions subsequently transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) within 24 hours have higher mortality than direct ICU admissions.

Characteristics of U.S. Emergency Departments That Offer Routine Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening.

July 2012

BioWatch and Public Health Surveillance: Evaluating Systems for the Early Detection of Biological Threats: Abbreviated Version

December 2011

Author information: IOM (Institute of Medicine) and NRC (National Research Council).

Effect of Treatment Interruption and Intensification of Antiretroviral Therapy on Health-related Quality of Life in Patients with Advanced HIV

March 2011

Background. The effect of antiretroviral therapy (ART) interruption or intensification on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in advanced HIV patients is unknown. Objective.

The Contribution of Health Plans and Provider Organizations to Variations in Measured Plan Quality

March 2010

OBJECTIVE: Some argue that health plans have minimal impacts on quality of care and that quality data collection should focus only on physician organizations.

Characteristics of Pediatric Trauma Transfers to a Level I Trauma Center: Implications for Developing a Regionalized Pediatric Trauma System in California

January 2010

Background: Since California lacks a statewide trauma system, there are no uniform interfacility pediatric trauma transfer guidelines across local emergency medical services (EMS) agencies in...

Patient safety climate in 92 us hospitals differences by work area and discipline

December 2009

Abstract BACKGROUND: Concern about patient safety has promoted efforts to improve safety climate.

Relationship of safety climate and safety performance in hospitals

December 2009

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between measures of hospital safety climate and hospital performance on selected Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs).

Factors Influencing the Enrollment of Eligible Extremely-Low-Birth-Weight Children in the Part C Early Intervention Programyourmom87!

December 2009

Objective To determine whether eligible extremely-low-birth-weight children (<1000g) were enrolled in the federally enacted, state-coordinated Early Intervention (EI) program intended to help...

Is There Monopsony in the Labor Market? Evidence From a Natural Experiment.

December 2009

A variety of recent theoretical and empirical advances have renewed interest in monopsonistic models of the labor market.

Inpatient treatment of diabetic patients in Asia: evidence from India, China, Thailand and Malaysia

October 2009

Aims The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has grown rapidly, but little is known about the drivers of inpatient spending in low- and middle-income countries.

Identifying Organizational Cultures that Promote Patient Safety

October 2009

BACKGROUND: Safety climate refers to shared perceptions of what an organization is like with regard to safety, whereas safety culture refers to employees' fundamental ideology and orientation and...

Economic Incentives to Promote Innovation in Healthcare Delivery

October 2009

Economics influences how medical care is delivered, organized, and progresses. Fee-for-service payment encourages delivery of services.

Hospital Performance Recognition with the Get With The Guidelines Program and Mortality for Acute Myocardial Infarction and Heart Failure.

October 2009

BACKGROUND: Many hospitals enrolled in the American Heart Association's Get With The Guidelines (GWTG) Program achieve high levels of recommended care for heart failure, acute myocardial infarction...

Medicare’s Policy Not To Pay For Treating Hospital-Acquired Conditions: The Impact

September 2009

In 2008 Medicare stopped reimbursing hospitals for treating eight avoidable hospital-acquired conditions.

Inequality in Treatment Use Among Elderly Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: USA, Belgium and Quebec

July 2009

BACKGROUND: Previous research has provided evidence that socioeconomic status has an impact on invasive treatments use after acute myocardial infarction.

Comparing Safety Climate Between Two Populations of Hospitals in the United States

July 2009

Objective. To compare safety climate between diverse U.S. hospitals and Veterans Health Administration (VA) hospitals, and to explore the factors influencing climate in each setting.

Factors Influencing the Enrollment of Eligible Extremely-Low-Birth-Weight Children in the Part C Early Intervention Program

July 2009

Objective To determine whether eligible extremely-low-birth-weight children (<1000g) were enrolled in the federally enacted, state-coordinated Early Intervention (EI) program intended to help...