Comparative effectiveness research

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 185

Anesthesia Care Team Composition and Surgical Outcomes

August 2018

The adjusted mortality for care teams with anesthesiologist assistants was 1.6% (95% CI, 1.4 to 1.8) versus 1.7% for care teams with nurse anesthetists (95% CI, 1.7 to 1.7; difference −0.08; 95% CI...

Poverty and Community-Acquired Antimicrobial Resistance with Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase–Producing Organisms, Hyderabad, India

August 2018

The decreasing effectiveness of antimicrobial agents is a global public health threat, yet risk factors for community-acquired antimicrobial resistance (CA-AMR) in low-income settings have not been...

ACA Marketplace Premiums and Competition Among Hospitals and Physician Practices

July 2018

In this study published in the American Journal of Managed Care, the authors found that premiums for ACA Marketplace plans were higher in rating areas in which physician, hospital, and insurance...

Does Diversity Matter for Health? Experimental Evidence from Oakland

June 2018

 We study the effect of diversity in the physician workforce on the demand for preventive care among African-American men.

The weaker sex? Vulnerable men and women's resilience to socio-economic disadvantage

September 2016

Sex differences in mortality vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Quality of Life and Economic Outcomes of Assessing Fractional Flow Reserve With Computed Tomography Angiography

October 2015

Evaluating patients who may have coronary artery disease (CAD) is a challenging and extensive process.

Evaluating Cost-effectiveness of Interventions That Affect Fertility and Childbearing: How Health Effects Are Measured Matters

April 2015

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for economic evaluations of health interventions define relevant outcomes as those accruing to individuals receiving interventions.

Cost-Effectiveness of Helicopter Versus Ground Emergency Medical Services for Trauma Scene Transport in the United States

December 2013

Screening and diagnosis of tuberculosis in prisons in Russia and Eastern Europe: a cost-effectiveness analysis

December 2012

Background: Prisons of the former Soviet Union (FSU) have high rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and are thought to drive general population tuberculosis (TB) epidemics.

The cost-effectiveness of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention in men who have sex with men in the United States

December 2012

Cost effectiveness of screening strategies for early identification of HIV and HCV infection in injection drug users

December 2012

Cost-effective alternatives to liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C

December 2012

Background and Aims Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) is a liver disease affecting over 3 million Americans.

Cost-effectiveness of early colectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastamosis versus standard medical therapy in severe ulcerative colitis.

July 2012

Abstract BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases are costly chronic gastrointestinal diseases.

New Protease Inhibitors for the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

February 2012

Background: Chronic hepatitis C virus is difficult to treat and affects approximately 3 million Americans. Protease inhibitors increase the effectiveness of standard therapy, but they are costly.

Cost-effectiveness analysis of adjunct VSL#3 therapy versus standard medical therapy in pediatric ulcerative colitis.

December 2011

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are costly chronic gastrointestinal diseases, with pediatric IBD representing increased costs per patient compared to adult disease.

Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of expanding harm reduction and antiretroviral therapy in a mixed HIV epidemic: A modeling analysis for ukraine

December 2011

Abstract BACKGROUND: Injection drug use (IDU) and heterosexual virus transmission both contribute to the growing mixed HIV epidemics in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

Doing Good with Good OR: Supporting Cost-effective Hepatitis B Interventions

December 2011

Abstract In an era of limited healthcare budgets, mathematical models can be useful tools to identify cost-effective programs and to support policymakers in informed decision making.

Assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of concurrency reduction for HIV prevention

December 2011

Abstract We estimated the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of changes in concurrent sexual partnerships in reducing the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

The cost-effectiveness of symptom-based testing and routine screening for acute HIV infection in men who have sex with men in the USA

December 2011

OBJECTIVE: Acute HIV infection often causes influenza-like illness (ILI) and is associated with high infectivity.

Cost-effectiveness of an intensive telephone-based intervention for smoking cessation

December 2011

We calculated the incremental cost per quit of a telephone care intervention versus usual care using the provider's perspective.

Cost Effectiveness of Elective Induction of Labor at 41 Weeks in Nulliparous Women

December 2011

BACKGROUND: Induction of labor is on the rise in the U.S., increasing from 9.5 percent in 1990 to 22.1 percent in 2004.

The business case for quality improvement: oral anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation

June 2011

Background: The potential to save money within a short time frame provides a more compelling "business case" for quality improvement than merely demonstrating cost-effectiveness.

Cost-effectiveness of a Modestly Effective HIV Vaccine in the United States

April 2011

BACKGROUND: The recent RV144 clinical trial showed that an ALVAC/AIDSVAX prime-boost  HIV vaccine regimen may confer partial immunity in recipients and reduce transmission by 31%.