Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Association of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes With Risk of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal Women

September 2020

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in the U.S. and identification of sex-specific risk factors could enhance cardiovascular risk assessment and prevention.

Hepatitis C Treatment in Prisons — Incarcerated People’s Uncertain Right to Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy

August 2020

In a recent perspective published by the New England Journal of Medicine(NEJM), Stanford Law student Alexandra Daniels analyzed a growing body of federal litigation brought by prisoners with the...

Partitioning the Curve — Interstate Travel Restrictions During the Covid-19 Pandemic

August 2020

Since the onset of the Covid-19 crisis in the United States, government action taken to “flatten” the curve of disease transmission has varied dramatically among states, counties, and cities.

The Legal Authority for States’ Stay-at-Home Orders

July 2020

In March 2020, when many U.S.

Disease Control, Civil Liberties, and Mass Testing — Calibrating Restrictions during the Covid-19 Pandemic

July 2020

Urgent responses to the Covid-19 pandemic have halted movement and work and dramatically changed daily routines for much of the world’s population.

Handgun Ownership and Suicide in California

June 2020

BACKGROUND Research has consistently identified firearm availability as a risk factor for suicide.

Thinking Globally, Acting Locally — The U.S. Response to Covid-19

May 2020

Covid-19 has exposed major weaknesses in the United States’ federalist system of public health governance, which divides powers among the federal, state, and local governments.

Response to COVID-19 in Taiwan Big Data Analytics, New Technology, and Proactive Testing

March 2020

Taiwan is 81 miles off the coast of mainland China and was expected to have the second highest number of cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to its proximity to and number of flights...

Estimation of global insulin use for type 2 diabetes, 2018–30: a microsimulation analysis

November 2018

Background: The amount of insulin needed to effectively treat type 2 diabetes worldwide is unknown.

The fog of development: evaluating the Millennium Villages Project

August 2018

 Shira Mitchell and colleagues' endline evaluation of the Millennium Villages Project (MVP) in The Lancet Global Health marks an important chapter in our understanding of Africa’s meandering path...

Cost Effectiveness of Radiation and Chemotherapy for High-Risk Low Grade Glioma

August 2018

The standard of care treatment for maximally resected, high risk (≥ 40 years old or sub-totally resected) low grade glioma (LGG) patients was established by RTOG 9802, which showed an overall...

Robust relationship between air quality and infant mortality in Africa

June 2018

Poor air quality is thought to be an important mortality risk factor globally, but there is little direct evidence from the developing world on how mortality risk varies with changing exposure to...

Is Single Payer the Answer for the US Health Care System?

January 2018

The recent challenges to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which has increased the number of individuals with health insurance in the United States but has had little effect on cost, has revived the...

Drug Companies’ Liability for the Opioid Epidemic

December 2017

The opioid epidemic has claimed more than 300,000 lives in the United States since 20001 and could claim another half million over the next decade.

Family Planning and Fertility Behavior: Evidence from Twentieth Century Malaysia

December 2017

There is longstanding debate about the contribution of family planning programs to fertility decline.

Relationship between season of birth, temperature exposure, and later life wellbeing

December 2017

We study how exposure to extreme temperatures in early periods of child development is related to adult economic outcomes measured 30 y later.

Marketplace Plans Provide Risk Protection, But Actuarial Values Overstate Realized Coverage For Most Enrollees

December 2017

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased the number of Americans with health insurance.

Characteristics Associated With Decreased or Increased Mortality Risk From Glycemic Therapy Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and High Cardiovascular Risk: Machine Learning Analysis of the ACCORD Trial

December 2017

OBJECTIVE Identifying patients who may experience decreased or increased mortality risk from intensive glycemic therapy for type 2 diabetes remains an important clinical challenge.

Validation of Risk Equations for Complications of Type 2 Diabetes (RECODe) Using Individual Participant Data From Diverse Longitudinal Cohorts in the U.S.

December 2017

OBJECTIVE We sought to validate risk equations for complications of type 2 diabetes (RECODe) among diverse populations.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We compared risk predictions from RECODe equations...

PCSK9 Inhibitors Economics and Policy

November 2017

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors substantially reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, but it is presently unclear whether they also reduce mortality.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation and Health Care Expenditures Among Low-Income Adults

September 2017

ObjectiveTo determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures.Main Outcomes and MeasuresTotal health care...

Drug-Free Interventions to Reduce Pain or Opioid Consumption After Total Knee Arthroplasty A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

September 2017

To systematically review and meta-analyze evidence of nonpharmacological interventions for postoperative pain management after total knee arthroplasty.

Social Isolation and Medicare Spending: Among Older Adults, Objective Isolation Increases Expenditures While Loneliness Does Not

September 2017

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of objective isolation and loneliness on Medicare spending and outcomes. Method: We linked Health and Retirement Study data to...

Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation

September 2017

This paper studies how in utero exposure to maternal stress from family ruptures affects later mental health.

People

Owens1 Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Steve Luby Headshot Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
rsd15 081 0253a Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Senior Fellow , Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Joshua Salomon of Stanford Health Policy Joshua Salomon Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine CHP/PCOR
rsd15 055 0123a Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
rsd15 081 0344a Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow by Courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
1 RSD13 085 0052a 001 David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
default people 100x120 Henry T. Greely Professor, Law
default people 100x120 Julie Parsonnet Professor, Medicine, Professor, Health Research and Policy
Zenios, Stefanos BW3x4 Stefanos A. Zenios Professor, Operations, Information and Technology, Professor, Health Care Management
p1010241 Jonathan Shaw Clinical Assistant Professor, Medicine
maria 4   copy Maria Polyakova Assistant Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)