International Relations

International Relations

FSI researchers strive to understand how countries relate to one another, and what policies are needed to achieve global stability and prosperity. International relations experts focus on the challenging U.S.-Russian relationship, the alliance between the U.S. and Japan and the limitations of America’s counterinsurgency strategy in Afghanistan.

Foreign aid is also examined by scholars trying to understand whether money earmarked for health improvements reaches those who need it most. And FSI’s Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center has published on the need for strong South Korean leadership in dealing with its northern neighbor.

FSI researchers also look at the citizens who drive international relations, studying the effects of migration and how borders shape people’s lives. Meanwhile FSI students are very much involved in this area, working with the United Nations in Ethiopia to rethink refugee communities.

Trade is also a key component of international relations, with FSI approaching the topic from a slew of angles and states. The economy of trade is rife for study, with an APARC event on the implications of more open trade policies in Japan, and FSI researchers making sense of who would benefit from a free trade zone between the European Union and the United States.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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The business case for quality improvement: oral anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation

June 2011

Background: The potential to save money within a short time frame provides a more compelling "business case" for quality improvement than merely demonstrating cost-effectiveness.

Genetic Conservation in gp36 Transmembrane Sequences of Indian HIV Type 2 Isolates

May 2011

Abstract HIV-2 group A is predominant in different parts of the world, especially Africa, Portugal, Spain, France, the United Kingdom, the United States, Korea, and India.

Cost-effectiveness of a Modestly Effective HIV Vaccine in the United States

April 2011

BACKGROUND: The recent RV144 clinical trial showed that an ALVAC/AIDSVAX prime-boost  HIV vaccine regimen may confer partial immunity in recipients and reduce transmission by 31%.

Effect of Treatment Interruption and Intensification of Antiretroviral Therapy on Health-related Quality of Life in Patients with Advanced HIV

March 2011

Background. The effect of antiretroviral therapy (ART) interruption or intensification on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in advanced HIV patients is unknown. Objective.

Effectiveness and Cost Effectiveness of Expanding Harm Reduction Programs and HIV Antiretroviral Therapy in a Mixed HIV epidemic: An Analysis for Ukraine

March 2011

Background Injection drug use (IDU) and heterosexual virus transmission both contribute to the growing mixed HIV epidemics in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

Results of Antiretroviral Treatment Interruption and Intensification in Advanced Multi-drug Resistant HIV Infection from the OPTIMA trial

March 2011

Background Guidance is needed on best medical management for advanced HIV disease with multidrug resistance (MDR) and limited retreatment options.

Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of HIV Antiretroviral Regimens Recommended in the World Health Organization’s Guidelines for Resource-limited Settings

January 2011

Objective: The World Health Organization (WHO) recently changed its first-line antiretroviral treatment guidelines in resource-limited settings.

The cost-effectiveness and population outcomes of expanded HIV screening and antiretroviral treatment in the united states

December 2010

Abstract BACKGROUND: Although recent guidelines call for expanded routine screening for HIV, resources for antiretroviral therapy (ART) are limited, and all eligible persons are not currently...

Variability in nucleus accumbens activity mediates age-related suboptimal financial risk taking

December 2010

Abstract As human life expectancy continues to rise, financial decisions of aging investors may have an increasing impact on the global economy.

The relationship between HIV testing, stigma, and health service usage

December 2010

We explore whether HIV stigma is associated with seeking to conceal testing interest.

Cost-effective control of chronic viral diseases: Finding the optimal level of screening and contact tracing

December 2010

Chronic viral diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) afflict millions of people worldwide.

The Cost Effectiveness and Population Outcomes of Expanded HIV Screening and Antiretroviral Treatment in the United States

December 2010

Background: Although recent guidelines call for expanded routine screening for HIV, resources for antiretroviral therapy (ART) are limited, and all eligible persons are not currently receiving...

The Relation of Price of Antiretroviral Drugs and Foreign Assistance with Coverage of HIV Treatment in Africa: Retrospective Study

November 2010

Objective To determine the association of reductions in price of antiretroviral drugs and foreign assistance for HIV with coverage of antiretroviral treatment. Design Retrospective study.

National Survey of Preventive Health Services in US Emergency Departments

November 2010

Study objective: We describe the availability of preventive health services in US emergency departments (EDs), as well as ED directors' preferred service and perceptions of barriers to offering...

Scaling Up Circumcision Programs in Southern Africa: The Potential Impact of Gender Disparities and Changes in Condom Use Behaviors on Heterosexual HIV Transmission

September 2010

Circumcision significantly reduces female-to-male transmission of HIV infection, but changes in behavior may influence the overall impact on transmission.

Comparative Effectiveness of HIV Testing and Treatment in Highly Endemic Regions

August 2010

BACKGROUND: Universal testing and treatment holds promise for reducing the burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in sub-Saharan Africa, but linkage from testing to treatment sites and...

AIDS and Declining Support for Dependent Elderly People in Africa: Retrospective Analysis Using Demographic and Health Surveys

June 2010

Objectives To determine the relation between the HIV/AIDS epidemic and support for dependent elderly people in Africa.Design Retrospective analysis using data from Demographic and Health Surveys....

Cost-Effectiveness of Strategies to Improve HIV Testing and Receipt of Results: Economic Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

March 2010

BACKGROUND: The CDC recommends routine voluntary HIV testing of all patients 13-64 years of age.

Quality of life of patients with advanced HIV/AIDS: measuring the impact of both AIDS-defining events and non-AIDS serious adverse events.

December 2009

Switch from enfuvirtide to raltegravir in virologically suppressed HIV-1 infected patients: Effects on level of residual viremia and quality of life

December 2009

Abstract BACKGROUND: Raltegravir is a potential treatment option for virologically suppressed HIV-1 infected patients on enfuvirtide with injection site reactions.

Program spending to increase adherence: South african cervical cancer screening.

December 2009

Abstract  Background Adherence is crucial for public health program effectiveness, though the benefits of increasing adherence must ultimately be weighed against the associated costs.

Optimal Investment in HIV Prevention Programs: More Is Not Always Better

December 2009

This paper develops a mathematical/economic framework to address the following question: Given a particular population, a specific HIV prevention program and a fixed amount of funds that could be...

Koo Foundation Sun Yat-Sen Cancer Center: Breast Cancer Care in Taiwan

December 2009

Taiwan's Koo Foundation Sun Yat-Sen Cancer Center has developed an integrated, team-based care delivery model for breast cancer care that is being expanded to other cancer types in 2009.