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Mark W. Smith
Journal Articles

Cost-Effectiveness of Integrating Tobacco Cessation Into Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment.

Paul G. Barnett, Abra Jeffers, Mark W. Smith, Bruce K. Chow, Miles McFall, Andrew J. Saxon
Nicotine and Tobacco Research , 2016

INTRODUCTION:

We examined the cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation integrated with treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

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Journal Articles

Hospital Utilization and Costs Among Preterm Infants by Payer: Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2009.

Danielle T. Barradas, Martin P. Wasserman, Lekisha Daniel-Robinson, Marino A. Bruce, Katherine Isselmann DiSantis, Frederick H. Navarro, Warren A. Jones, Nadine M. Manzi, Mark W. Smith, Brian M. Goodness
Maternal and Child Health Journal , 2016

Abstract: Objectives To describe hospital utilization and costs associated with preterm or low birth weight births (preterm/LBW) by payer prior to implementation of the Affordable Care Act and to identify areas for improvement in the quality of care received among preterm/LBW infants.

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Journal Articles

Predicting inpatient hospital payments in the United States: a retrospective analysis

Mark W. Smith, Bernard Friedman, Zeynal Karaca, Herbert S. Wong
BMC Health Services Research , 2015

Background

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased rates of public and private health insurance in the United States. Increasing coverage could raise hospital revenue and reduce the need to shift costs to insured patients. The consequences of ACA on hospital revenues could be examined if payments were known for most hospitals in the United States.

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Journal Articles

Medicaid Dental Coverage Alone May Not Lower Rates Of Dental Emergency Department Visits

Kathryn R. Fingar, Mark W. Smith, Sheryl Davies, Kathryn McDonald, Carol Stocks, Maria C. Raven
Health Affairs , 2015

Medicaid was expanded to millions of individuals under the Affordable Care Act, but many states do not provide dental coverage for adults under their Medicaid programs. In the absence of dental coverage, patients may resort to costly emergency department (ED) visits for dental conditions. Medicaid coverage of dental benefits could help ease the burden on the ED, but ED use for dental conditions might remain a problem in areas with a scarcity of dentists.

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Journal Articles

Hospital readmission rates and emergency department visits for mental health and substance abuse conditions.

Mark W. Smith, Carol Stocks, Patricia B. Santora
Community Mental Health Journal , 2015

Abstract: Community hospital stays in 12 states during 2008–2009 were analyzed to determine predictors of 12-month hospital readmission and emergency department (EDs) revisits among persons with a mental health or substance abuse diagnosis. Probabilities of hospital readmission and of ED revisits were modeled as functions of patient demographics, insurance type, number of prior-year hospital stays, diagnoses and other characteristics of the initial stay, and hospital characteristics.

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Journal Articles

Follow-up encounters within 30 days of a substance abuse-related inpatient discharge.

Mark W. Smith, Tami L. Mark
Psychiatric Services , 2014

Outpatient treatment for substance use disorders promotes recovery and reduces readmission (1,2). We measured the annual percentage of individuals aged 13–64 who were covered under employer health plans and who received outpatient treatment for a substance use disorder within 30 days of a related inpatient stay.

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Journal Articles

A modeled analysis of telehealth methods for treating pressure ulcers after spinal cord injury

Mark W. Smith, Michelle Hill, Karen Hopkins, B Jenny Kiratli, Ruth Cronkite
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications , 2012
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Journal Articles

Telephone monitoring and support after discharge from residential PTSD treatment: A randomized controlled trial

Rosen CS, Tiet QQ, Harris AHS, Julian TF, McKay J, Moore WM, Owen RR, Rogers S, Rosito O, Smith DE, Mark W. Smith, Schnurr PP
Psychiatric Services , 2012
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Journal Articles

RESPECT-PTSD: Re-Engineering Systems for the Primary Care Treatment of PTSD, a randomized controlled trial

Paula Schnurr, Matthew Friedman, Thomas Oxman, Allen Dietrich, Mark W. Smith, Brian Shiner, Elizabeth Forshay, Jiang Gui, Veronica Thurston
Journal of General Internal Medicine , 2012
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Journal Articles

Community hospital admission from the emergency department by persons with substance use disorders

Schildhaus S, Stocks C, Santora PB, Mark Smith
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , 2012
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Journal Articles

Health-related quality of life as a predictor of mortality among survivors of AKI

Vilija Joyce, Mark W. Smith, Johansen KL, Unruh ML, Siroka AM, O’Connor TZ, Palevsky PM, for the VA/NIH Acute Renal Failure Trial Network
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology , 2012
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Journal Articles

Cost-effectiveness of an intensive telephone-based intervention for smoking cessation

Mark W. Smith, An LC, Fu SS, Nelson DB, Joseph AM
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare , 2011

We calculated the incremental cost per quit of a telephone care intervention versus usual care using the provider's perspective. The study population was 819 smokers at five US Veterans Affairs (VA) primary care clinics. They enrolled in the clinical trial between June 2001 and December 2002. After 12 months the participants were assessed for short- and long-term abstinence over the previous six months. VA records were used to extract the cost of VA services over 12 months, and the cost of care purchased by the VA from others. Intervention costs were derived through micro-costing.

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Journal Articles

One-year outcomes of community-acquired and health care-associated pneumonia in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System

Hsu JL, Siroka AM, Mark W. Smith, Mark Holodniy, Meduri GU
International Journal of Infectious Disease , 2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

While studies have demonstrated higher medium-term mortality for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), mortality and costs have not been characterized for healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) over a 1-year period.

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Journal Articles

Substance use disorders and health care costs among VA nursing home residents

Mark Smith, Lemke SB, Schaefer JA
Medical Care , 2011

Abstract

 

Background: Research on the relationship between substance use disorders (SUDs) and older adults' health care costs is equivocal. A large-scale study comparing health care costs among older adults with and without SUDs has never been conducted.

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Journal Articles

Integrating tobacco cessation into mental health care for posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized, controlled trial

McFall M, Saxon AJ, Malte CA, Chow B, Bailey S, Baker D, Beckham JC, Boardman KD, Carmody TP, Joseph AM, Mark W. Smith, Shih MC, Lu Y, Lavori PW
JAMA , 2010

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Most smokers with mental illness do not receive tobacco cessation treatment.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether integrating smoking cessation treatment into mental health care for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) improves long-term smoking abstinence rates.

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Journal Articles

Estimating Lost Revenue from a Free-Care Mandate in VA

Mark Smith, Chow A, Kimerling R
Psychiatric Services , 2010
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Journal Articles

Using policy to increase prescribing of smoking cessation medications in VA

Mark W. Smith, Chen S, Siroka AM, Hamlett-Barry K
Tobacco Control , 2010
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Journal Articles

Locating Prescriptions in Pharmacy Databases

Mark Smith, Chen S, Siroka AM
American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy , 2010
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Journal Articles

Predictors of health utility among 60-day survivors of acute kidney injury in the VA/NIH Acute Renal Failure Trial Network Study

Johansen KL, Mark Smith, et al
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology , 2010

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after acute kidney injury (AKI) is an area of great importance to patients. It was hypothesized that HRQOL after AKI would relate to intensity of dialysis during AKI and dialysis dependence at follow-up.

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Journal Articles

Military-related sexual trauma among Veterans Health Administration patients returning from Afghanistan and Iraq.

Kimerling R, Street AE, Pavao J, Mark W. Smith, Cronkite RC, Holmes TJ, Frayne SM
American Journal of Public Health , 2010

We examined military-related sexual trauma among deployed Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans. Of 125 729 veterans who received Veterans Health Administration primary care or mental health services, 15.1% of the women and 0.7% of the men reported military sexual trauma when screened. Military sexual trauma was associated with increased odds of a mental disorder diagnosis, including posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, depression, and substance use disorders.

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Journal Articles

Bar Charts Enhance Bland-Altman Plots when Value Ranges are Limited.

Mark Smith, Jun Ma, Randall Stafford
Journal of Clinical Epidemiology , 2009

Objective

A common form of validation study compares alternative methods for collecting data. The Bland-Altman plot pairs observations across methods and plots their mean values vs. their difference. This method provides only limited information, however, when the range of observed values is small relative to the number of observations. This brief report shows how adding a simple bar chart to a Bland-Altman plot adds essential additional information.

Study Design and Setting

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Journal Articles

Evaluation of Universal Screening for Military-related Sexual Trauma

Kimerling R, Street AE, Gima K, Mark Smith
Psychiatric Services , 2008

OBJECTIVES: In response to growing concerns about sexual violence as an underrecognized traumatic consequence of military service, Veterans Health Administration policy requires universal screening for sexual trauma sustained during military service. This prospective study, the first to evaluate national efforts to screen for military sexual trauma, investigated whether sexual trauma screening is associated with increased utilization of mental health services.

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Journal Articles

Intensity of Renal Support for Acute Kidney Injury in the Critically Ill

Palevsky PP, Zhang JH, O'Connor TZ, Glenn M. Chertow, Crowley S, Choudhury D, Finkel K, Kellum JA, Paganini E, Schein RMH, Mark W. Smith, Swanson K, Thompson BT, Vijayan A, Watnick S, Star RA, Peduzzi P
New England Journal of Medicine , 2008

Background
The optimal intensity of renal-replacement therapy in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury is controversial.

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