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Eran Bendavid
Journal Articles

Lancet Series on Women’s and Children’s Health in Conflict Settings

Paul H. Wise, Eran Bendavid, Stephen J. Stedman
2021 January 24, 2021

A new four-paper series in The Lancet exposes the far-reaching effects of modern warfare on women’s and children’s health.

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Journal Articles

COVID-19 Policies: Remember Measles

Deparati Guha-Sapir , Maria Moitinho de Almeida, Mory Keita, Gregg Greenough, Eran Bendavid
Science Magazine , 2020 July 17, 2020

Nearly 120 million children in 37 countries are at risk of missing their measlescontaining vaccine (MCV) shots this year, as preventive and public health campaigns take a back seat to policies put in place to contain coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In March, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued guidelines indicating that mass vaccination campaigns should be put on hold to maintain physical distancing and minimize COVID-19 transmission.

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Journal Articles

The 2016 California Policy to Eliminate Nonmedical Vaccine Exemptions and Changes in Vaccine Coverage: An Empirical Policy Analysis

Sindiso Nyathi, Hannah C. Karpel, Kristin L. Sainani, Yvonne Maldonado, Peter J. Hotez, Eran Bendavid, Nathan C. Lo
PLOS Medicine , 2019 December 23, 2019

Vaccine hesitancy, the reluctance or refusal to receive vaccination, is a growing public health problem in the United States and globally. State policies that eliminate nonmedical (“personal belief”) exemptions to childhood vaccination requirements are controversial, and their effectiveness to improve vaccination coverage remains unclear given limited rigorous policy analysis. In 2016, a California policy (Senate Bill 277) eliminated nonmedical exemptions from school entry requirements.

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Journal Articles

The fog of development: evaluating the Millennium Villages Project

Eran Bendavid, Eran Bendavid
The Lancet: Global Health, 2018 August 9, 2018
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Journal Articles

Cost Effectiveness of Radiation and Chemotherapy for High-Risk Low Grade Glioma

Eran Bendavid, Eran Bendavid, Douglas K. Owens, Yushen Qian, Satoshi Muruyama
2018 August 1, 2018

The standard of care treatment for maximally resected, high risk (≥ 40 years old or sub-totally resected) low grade glioma (LGG) patients was established by RTOG 9802, which showed an overall survival (OS) of 13.3 years for patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) + PCV (procarbazine, lomustine [CCNU], vincristine) chemotherapy compared to 7.8 years for RT alone. In the era of value-based health care, cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA) have the potential to inform coverage decisions and patient care.

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Journal Articles

Robust relationship between air quality and infant mortality in Africa

Eran Bendavid, Jennifer Burney, Marshall Burke
Nature, 2018 June 1, 2018

Poor air quality is thought to be an important mortality risk factor globally, but there is little direct evidence from the developing world on how mortality risk varies with changing exposure to ambient particulate matter. Current global estimates apply exposure-response relationships that have been derived mostly from wealthy, mid-latitude countries to spatial population data, and these estimates remain unvalidated across large portions of the globe.

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Journal Articles

Childhood Illness and the Gender Gap in Adolescent Education in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Anlu Xing, Paul H. Wise, Gary L. Darmstadt, Eran Bendavid
Pediatrics, 2017 July 1, 2017

Achieving gender equality in education is an important development goal.  We tested the hypothesis that the gender gap in adolescent education is accentuated by illnesses among young children in the household.

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Journal Articles

Malaria control adds to the evidence for health aid effectiveness

Eran Bendavid
Public Library of Science, 2017 June 13, 2017

The new United States administration’s first budget proposal, previewed in March and released in May, 2017, includes deep cuts to foreign aid, cycling this thorny issue back into the American limelight.

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Journal Articles

Breast density notification legislation and breast cancer stage at diagnosis: early evidence from the SEER registry

Ilana Richman, Steven M. Asch, Eran Bendavid, Jay Bhattacharya, Douglas K. Owens
Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2016 November 16, 2016

Background

Twenty-eight states have passed breast density notification laws, which require physicians to inform women of a finding of dense breasts on mammography.

Objective

To evaluate changes in breast cancer stage at diagnosis after enactment of breast density notification legislation.

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Journal Articles

Sources of variation in under-5 mortality across sub-Saharan Africa: a spatial analysis

Marshall Burke, Sam Heft-Neal, Eran Bendavid
The Lancet Global Health, 2016 October 25, 2016

The ongoing decline in under-5 mortality ranks among the most significant public and population health successes of the past 30 years.

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Journal Articles

Cost-effectiveness of improvements in diagnosis and treatment accessibility for tuberculosis control in India

Sze-chuan Suen, Eran Bendavid, Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2016 September 19, 2016

SETTING:

Inaccurate diagnosis and inaccessibility of care undercut the effectiveness of high-quality anti-tuberculosis treatment and select for resistance.

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Journal Articles

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis for People Who Inject Drugs in the United States

Cora L. Bernard, Margaret L. Brandeau, Keith Humphreys, Eran Bendavid, Mark Holodniy, Christopher Weyant, Douglas K. Owens, Jeremy Goldhaber-Fiebert
Annals of Internal Medicine, 2016 July 5, 2016

Background: The total population health benefits and costs of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States are unclear.

Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness and optimal delivery conditions of PrEP for PWID.

Design: Empirically calibrated dynamic compartmental model.

Data Sources: Published literature and expert opinion.

Target Population: Adult U.S. PWID.

Time Horizon: 20 years and lifetime.

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Journal Articles

Abstinence Funding Was Not Associated with Reductions in HIV Risk Behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa

Nathan Lo, Anita Lowe, Eran Bendavid
Health Affairs, 2016 May 1, 2016

The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been the largest funder of abstinence and faithfulness programming in sub-Saharan Africa, with a cumulative investment of over US $1.4 billion in the period 2004–13.

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Journal Articles

Mortality changes after grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria: an econometric analysis from 1995 to 2010

Isabel Yan, Eline Korenromp, Eran Bendavid
BMC Public Health, 2015 September 28, 2015

Background

Since its founding in 2002, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (Global Fund) has become the dominant multilateral health financier in low- and middle-income countries. The health impact of the Global Fund remains unknown because existing evaluations measure intermediate outcomes or do not account for preexisting and counterfactual trends.

Methods

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Journal Articles

Risk of Cardiovascular Events Associated With Current Exposure to HIV Antiretroviral Therapies in a US Veteran Population

Manisha Desai, Vilija Joyce, Eran Bendavid, Richard A. Olshen, Mark A. Hlatky, Adam Chow, Mark Holodniy, Paul Barnett, Douglas K. Owens
Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2015 August 1, 2015

Background. To characterize the association of antiretroviral drug combinations on risk of cardiovascular events.

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Journal Articles

Health Aid Is Allocated Efficiently, But Not Optimally: Insights From A Review Of Cost-Effectiveness Studies

Eran Bendavid, Andrew Duong, Charlotte Sagan, Gillian Raikes
Health Affairs, 2015 July 8, 2015

Development assistance from high-income countries to the health sectors of low- and middle-income countries (health aid) is an important source of funding for health in low- and middle-income countries. However, the relationship between health aid and the expected health improvements from those expenditures—the cost-effectiveness of targeted interventions—remains unknown. We reviewed the literature for cost-effectiveness of interventions targeting five disease categories: HIV; malaria; tuberculosis; noncommunicable diseases; and maternal, newborn, and child health.

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Journal Articles

HIV Development Assistance and Adult Mortality in Africa

Eran Bendavid, CB Holmes, Jay Bhattacharya, Grant Miller
Journal of the American Medical Association, 2012 December 31, 2012

Context  The effect of global health initiatives on population health is uncertain. Between 2003 and 2008, the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the largest initiative ever devoted to a single disease, operated intensively in 12 African focus countries. The initiative's effect on all-cause adult mortality is unknown.

Objective  To determine whether PEPFAR was associated with relative changes in adult mortality in the countries and districts where it operated most intensively.

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Journal Articles

Balancing immunological benefits and cardiovascular risks of antiretroviral therapy: When is immediate treatment optimal?

Negoescu, D.M., Douglas K. Owens, Margaret L. Brandeau, Eran Bendavid
Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2012 December 31, 2012
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Journal Articles

HIV Development Assistance and Adult Mortality in Africa

Eran Bendavid, Charles Holmes, Jay Bhattacharya, Grant Miller
Journal of the American Medical Association, 2012 December 31, 2012

Context  The effect of global health initiatives on population health is uncertain. Between 2003 and 2008, the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the largest initiative ever devoted to a single disease, operated intensively in 12 African focus countries. The initiative's effect on all-cause adult mortality is unknown.

Objective  To determine whether PEPFAR was associated with relative changes in adult mortality in the countries and districts where it operated most intensively.

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Journal Articles

PEPFAR and Adult Mortality - Reply

Eran Bendavid, Charles Holmes, Grant Miller
JAMA, 2012 September 12, 2012
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Journal Articles

Comparative analysis of old-age mortality estimations in Africa

Eran Bendavid, B. Seligman, J. Kubo
PLoS One, 2011 December 31, 2011
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Journal Articles

Induced Abortion and the Mexico City Policy in Africa

Eran Bendavid, Patrick Avila, Grant Miller
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2011 December 31, 2011
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