Michael K Gould graduated from Cornell University in 1983 with honors in all subjects. He received his medical degree from the State University of New York (SUNY) Health Science Center at Syracuse, and completed residency and chief residency training in internal medicine, also at SUNY Syracuse. He trained as a clinical fellow in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at Stanford University Medical Center. He then completed a research fellowship in Health Services and Health Policy at Stanford University. He received an MS degree in Health Services Research in 1998. Dr Gould uses meta-analysis, decision modeling and cost-effectiveness analysis to evaluate new and existing technologies for diagnosing and treating respiratory disorders. He has studied the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of low molecular weight heparin preparations for the treatment of venous thrombosis. In 1998, he received a Young Investigator Award from the Department of Veterans Affairs to study trends in the use of biopsy procedures for staging patients with non-small cell lung cancer. In 1999, He received a Career Development Award from the VA Health Services Research and Development Service to study the cost-effectiveness of tests for pulmonary nodule diagnosis and lung cancer staging, including positron emission tomography. In future research, he plans to evaluate the potential cost-effectiveness of low radiation dose helical-computed tomography for lung cancer screening.