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Society

Society

FSI researchers work to understand continuity and change in societies as they confront their problems and opportunities. This includes the implications of migration and human trafficking. What happens to a society when young girls exit the sex trade? How do groups moving between locations impact societies, economies, self-identity and citizenship? What are the ethnic challenges faced by an increasingly diverse European Union? From a policy perspective, scholars also work to investigate the consequences of security-related measures for society and its values.

The Europe Center reflects much of FSI’s agenda of investigating societies, serving as a forum for experts to research the cultures, religions and people of Europe. The Center sponsors several seminars and lectures, as well as visiting scholars.

Societal research also addresses issues of demography and aging, such as the social and economic challenges of providing health care for an aging population. How do older adults make decisions, and what societal tools need to be in place to ensure the resulting decisions are well-informed? FSI regularly brings in international scholars to look at these issues. They discuss how adults care for their older parents in rural China as well as the economic aspects of aging populations in China and India.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Ten years after the financial crisis: The long reach of austerity and its global impacts on health

June 2017

The global financial crisis starting in 2007 prompted national governments around the world, and notably many within the European Union, to implement austerity measures.

Malaria control adds to the evidence for health aid effectiveness

June 2017

The new United States administration’s first budget proposal, previewed in March and released in May, 2017, includes deep cuts to foreign aid, cycling this thorny issue back into the American...

Body weight of Italians: the weight of Education

December 2014

Girls' education and HIV risk: Evidence from Uganda

December 2013

Assessment of health literacy and numeracy among Spanish-speaking parents of young children: Validation of the Spanish parental health literacy activities test (PHLAT Spanish)

December 2012

Objective: To assess the health literacy and numeracy skills of Spanish-speaking parents of young children and to validate a new Spanish language health literacy assessment for parents, the Spanish...

Health-related quality of life as a predictor of mortality among survivors of AKI

May 2012

Influenza Vaccine Supply and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Vaccination Among the Elderly

December 2011

Age and the purchase of prescription drug insurance by older adults

December 2011

Abstract The Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Program places an unprecedented degree of choice in the hands of older adults despite concerns over their ability to make effective decisions and...

What context features might be important determinants of the effectiveness of patient safety practice interventions?

December 2011

Abstract BACKGROUND: Differences in contexts (eg, policies, healthcare organisation characteristics) may explain variations in the effects of patient safety practice (PSP) implementations.

Doing Good with Good OR: Supporting Cost-effective Hepatitis B Interventions

December 2011

Abstract In an era of limited healthcare budgets, mathematical models can be useful tools to identify cost-effective programs and to support policymakers in informed decision making.

Influence of Age on Perioperative Complications Among Patients Undergoing Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators for Primary Prevention in the United States

December 2011

Abstract BACKGROUND- The majority of current implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) recipients are significantly older than those in the ICD trials.

Age Differences in Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Use in U.S. Individuals

December 2011

Abstract OBJECTIVES: To estimate the potentially inappropriate use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator ICDs in older U.S. adults. DESIGN: Retrospective study.

The charcot foot in diabetes

December 2011

Abstract The diabetic Charcot foot syndrome is a serious and potentially limb-threatening lower-extremity complication of diabetes.

Economic evaluation research in the context of Child Welfare policy: A structured literature review and recommendations.

December 2011

OBJECTIVES:With over 1 million children served by the US Child Welfare system at a cost of $20 billion annually, this study examines the economic evaluation literature on interventions to improve...

One-year outcomes of community-acquired and health care-associated pneumonia in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System

December 2011

Abstract BACKGROUND: While studies have demonstrated higher medium-term mortality for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), mortality and costs have not been characterized for healthcare-associated...

Sourcebook Volume 1–Women Veterans in the Veterans Health Administration: Sociodemographic Characteristics and Use of VHA Care

December 2011

The Sourcebook is the result of ongoing Veterans Health Administration (VHA) efforts aimed at understanding the effects of military service on women’s lives.

Anaemia among students of rural China's elementary schools: Prevalence and correlates in Ningxia and Qinghai's poor counties

October 2011

Abstract Although the past few decades have seen rising incomes and increased government attention to rural development, many children in rural China still lack regular access to micronutrient-rich...

Diagnostic Imaging for Low Back Pain: Advice for High-value Health Care from the American College of Physicians

February 2011

Diagnostic imaging is indicated for patients with low back pain only if they have severe progressive neurologic deficits or signs or symptoms that suggest a serious or specific underlying condition...

Diabetes Mellitus and Tuberculosis in Countries with High Tuberculosis Burdens: Individual Risks and Social Determinants

January 2011

Background A growing body of evidence supports the role of type 2 diabetes as an individual-level risk factor for tuberculosis (TB), though evidence from developing countries with the highest TB...

Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of HIV Antiretroviral Regimens Recommended in the World Health Organization’s Guidelines for Resource-limited Settings

January 2011

Objective: The World Health Organization (WHO) recently changed its first-line antiretroviral treatment guidelines in resource-limited settings.

Insurance mandates, embryo transfer, outcomes - the link is tenuous

December 2010

Abstract To examine the relationship between state insurance mandate status and the number of embryos transferred in assisted reproductive technology cycles, we conducted a retrospective analysis...

No follow-up after positive newborn screening: Medical neglect?

December 2010

Abstract The current study examined medical professionals' behaviors related to reporting medical neglect when a family is noncompliant with follow-up services after a positive newborn...

Interventions aimed at decreasing obesity in children younger than 2 years: A systematic review

December 2010

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence for interventions designed to prevent or reduce overweight and obesity in children younger than 2 years.

People

Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine
Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Maria Polyakova Assistant Professor, HRP
Wei Yu Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
Victor R. Fuchs Professor, Economics, Emeritus
Marcus W. Feldman Professor, Biology
John Morton Associate Professor, Surgery
Henry T. Greely Professor, Law
Glenn M. Chertow Professor, Medicine
W. Richard Scott Professor, Sociology, Emeritus
Jessie J. Wong VA HSR&D Fellow, CHP/PCOR