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Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 85

Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men

August 2017

For forty years, the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male passively monitored hundreds of adult black males with syphilis despite the availability of effective treatment.

Implementation science for ambulatory care safety: a novel method to develop context-sensitive interventions to reduce quality gaps in monitoring high-risk patients.

June 2017

Missed evidence-based monitoring in high-risk conditions (e.g., cancer) leads to delayed diagnosis. Current technological solutions fail to close this safety gap.

Development and Validation of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Measures of Potentially Preventable Emergency Department (ED) Visits: The ED Prevention Quality Indicators for General Health Conditions

March 2017

ObjectiveTo develop and validate rates of potentially preventable emergency department (ED) visits as indicators of community health.Data SourcesAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality,...

Municipal Water Disinfection and Mortality Decline in Developing Countries: Evidence from Mexico’s Programa Agua Limpia

March 2017

Historically, improvements in the quality of municipal drinking water made important contributions to mortality decline in wealthy countries.

The Epidemiologic Challenge to the Conduct of Just War: Confronting Indirect Civilian Casualties of War

January 2017

Most civilian casualties in war are not the result of direct exposure to bombs and bullets; they are due to the destruction of the essentials of daily living, including food, water, shelter, and...

Screening for Colorectal Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

December 2016

Importance  Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

November 2016

Importance:Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, accounting for 1 of every 3 deaths among adults.Objective:To update the 2008 US...

Association of a Bundled-Payment Program With Cost and Outcomes in Full-Cycle Breast Cancer Care

October 2016

Importance:Value-driven payment system reform is a potential tool for aligning economic incentives with the improvement of quality and efficiency of health care and containment of cost.

The weaker sex? Vulnerable men and women's resilience to socio-economic disadvantage

September 2016

Sex differences in mortality vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

August 2016

Importance  Elevations in levels of total, low-density lipoprotein, and non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and, to a lesser extent,...

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis for People Who Inject Drugs in the United States

July 2016

Background: The total population health benefits and costs of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States are unclear.Objective: To evaluate the cost...

Physician spending and subsequent risk of malpractice claims: observational study

November 2015

Abstract Study question Is a higher use of resources by physicians associated with a reduced risk of malpractice claims?Methods Using data on nearly all admissions to acute care hospitals in...

Why highly polluting methods are used to manufacture bricks in Bangladesh

October 2015

Abstract:Brick kilns in Bangladesh use inefficient coal burning technology that generates substantial air pollution.

Searching for Public Health Law’s Sweet Spot: The Regulation of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

July 2015

David Studdert and colleagues explore how to balance public health, individual freedom, and good government when it comes to sugar-sweetened drinks.

Evaluating Cost-effectiveness of Interventions That Affect Fertility and Childbearing: How Health Effects Are Measured Matters

April 2015

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for economic evaluations of health interventions define relevant outcomes as those accruing to individuals receiving interventions.

Communication of Urgent Public Health Messages to Urban Populations: Lessons Learned from the Massachusetts Water Main Break

December 2011

Objective: To study when and how an urgent public health message about a boil-water order reached an urban population after the Massachusetts water main break.

Health system determinants of infant, child and maternal mortality: A cross-sectional study of UN member countries

December 2011

Abstract (provisional)ObjectiveFew studies have examined the link between health system strength and important public health outcomes across nations.

Doing Good with Good OR: Supporting Cost-effective Hepatitis B Interventions

December 2011

Abstract In an era of limited healthcare budgets, mathematical models can be useful tools to identify cost-effective programs and to support policymakers in informed decision making.

Cost-effectiveness of an intensive telephone-based intervention for smoking cessation

December 2011

We calculated the incremental cost per quit of a telephone care intervention versus usual care using the provider's perspective.

BioWatch and Public Health Surveillance: Evaluating Systems for the Early Detection of Biological Threats: Abbreviated Version

December 2011

Author information: IOM (Institute of Medicine) and NRC (National Research Council).

Integrating tobacco cessation into mental health care for posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized, controlled trial

December 2010

Abstract CONTEXT: Most smokers with mental illness do not receive tobacco cessation treatment.

Using policy to increase prescribing of smoking cessation medications in VA

December 2010

Cost-effective control of chronic viral diseases: Finding the optimal level of screening and contact tracing

December 2010

Chronic viral diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) afflict millions of people worldwide.

People

Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
John Morton Associate Professor, Surgery
Sara Cody Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
Stephen M. Shortell Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
John (Jack) W. Rowe Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR