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Health Outcomes

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 56

Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men

August 2017

For forty years, the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male passively monitored hundreds of adult black males with syphilis despite the availability of effective treatment.

Development and Validation of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Measures of Potentially Preventable Emergency Department (ED) Visits: The ED Prevention Quality Indicators for General Health Conditions

March 2017

ObjectiveTo develop and validate rates of potentially preventable emergency department (ED) visits as indicators of community health.Data SourcesAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality,...

The Epidemiologic Challenge to the Conduct of Just War: Confronting Indirect Civilian Casualties of War

January 2017

Most civilian casualties in war are not the result of direct exposure to bombs and bullets; they are due to the destruction of the essentials of daily living, including food, water, shelter, and...

Screening for Colorectal Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

December 2016

Importance  Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

November 2016

Importance:Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, accounting for 1 of every 3 deaths among adults.Objective:To update the 2008 US...

Association of a Bundled-Payment Program With Cost and Outcomes in Full-Cycle Breast Cancer Care

October 2016

Importance:Value-driven payment system reform is a potential tool for aligning economic incentives with the improvement of quality and efficiency of health care and containment of cost.

Geographic variation in surgical outcomes and cost between the United States and Japan

September 2016

Objectives: Unwarranted geographic variation in spending has received intense scrutiny in the United States.

The weaker sex? Vulnerable men and women's resilience to socio-economic disadvantage

September 2016

Sex differences in mortality vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

August 2016

Importance  Elevations in levels of total, low-density lipoprotein, and non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and, to a lesser extent,...

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis for People Who Inject Drugs in the United States

July 2016

Background: The total population health benefits and costs of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States are unclear.Objective: To evaluate the cost...

Effect of Transplant Center Volume on Cost and Readmissions in Medicare Lung Transplant Recipients

July 2016

Rationale: Although lung transplant recipient survival is better at higher volume centers, the effect of center volume on admission cost and early hospital readmission is unknown.Objectives: To...

Abstinence Funding Was Not Associated with Reductions in HIV Risk Behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa

May 2016

The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been the largest funder of abstinence and faithfulness programming in sub-Saharan Africa, with a cumulative investment of over US $1.4...

Quality of Life and Economic Outcomes of Assessing Fractional Flow Reserve With Computed Tomography Angiography

October 2015

Evaluating patients who may have coronary artery disease (CAD) is a challenging and extensive process.

Defibrillator implantations for primary prevention in the United States: Inappropriate care or inadequate documentation: Insights from the National Cardiovascular Data ICD Registry

October 2015

BackgroundPrior studies have reported that more than 20% of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantations in the United States do not adhere to trial-based criteria.ObjectiveWe sought...

Risk of Cardiovascular Events Associated With Current Exposure to HIV Antiretroviral Therapies in a US Veteran Population

August 2015

Background. To characterize the association of antiretroviral drug combinations on risk of cardiovascular events.Methods. Certain antiretroviral medications for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...

Health Aid Is Allocated Efficiently, But Not Optimally: Insights From A Review Of Cost-Effectiveness Studies

July 2015

Development assistance from high-income countries to the health sectors of low- and middle-income countries (health aid) is an important source of funding for health in low- and middle-income...

Searching for Public Health Law’s Sweet Spot: The Regulation of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

July 2015

David Studdert and colleagues explore how to balance public health, individual freedom, and good government when it comes to sugar-sweetened drinks.

Risk Protection, Service Use, and Health Outcomes Under Colombia's Health Insurance Program for the Poor

December 2013

Geographical Rural Status and Health Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: An Analysis of 6 Years of National United Network of Organ Sharing Data.

December 2012

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children in rural areas have worse health than children in urban areas after liver transplantation (LT).

Health system determinants of infant, child and maternal mortality: A cross-sectional study of UN member countries

December 2011

Abstract (provisional)ObjectiveFew studies have examined the link between health system strength and important public health outcomes across nations.

Improving practice guidelines with patient-specific recommendations

December 2011

Clinical practice guidelines aim to help providers make decisions that optimize patient care (1).

Quality-of-Care Indicators for Children With Sickle Cell Disease

December 2011

OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of quality-of-care indicators for the management of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) who are cared for in a variety of settings by addressing the broad spectrum...

Effects of rural status on health outcomes in pediatric liver transplantation: a single center analysis of 388 patients.

May 2011

Abstract Rural status of patients may impact health before and after pediatric LT. We used UI codes published by the USDA to stratify patients as urban or rural depending county residence.

Health Outcomes and Costs of Community Mitigation Strategies for an Influenza Pandemic in the United States

December 2010

Background. The optimal community-level approach to control pandemic influenza is unknown. Methods.

People

Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR