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Recent Scholarly Publications

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Implementation science for ambulatory care safety: a novel method to develop context-sensitive interventions to reduce quality gaps in monitoring high-risk patients.

June 2017

Missed evidence-based monitoring in high-risk conditions (e.g., cancer) leads to delayed diagnosis. Current technological solutions fail to close this safety gap.

Development and Validation of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Measures of Potentially Preventable Emergency Department (ED) Visits: The ED Prevention Quality Indicators for General Health Conditions

March 2017

ObjectiveTo develop and validate rates of potentially preventable emergency department (ED) visits as indicators of community health.Data SourcesAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality,...

The Epidemiologic Challenge to the Conduct of Just War: Confronting Indirect Civilian Casualties of War

January 2017

Most civilian casualties in war are not the result of direct exposure to bombs and bullets; they are due to the destruction of the essentials of daily living, including food, water, shelter, and...

Screening for Colorectal Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

December 2016

Importance  Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

November 2016

Importance:Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, accounting for 1 of every 3 deaths among adults.Objective:To update the 2008 US...

Association of a Bundled-Payment Program With Cost and Outcomes in Full-Cycle Breast Cancer Care

October 2016

Importance:Value-driven payment system reform is a potential tool for aligning economic incentives with the improvement of quality and efficiency of health care and containment of cost.

Geographic variation in surgical outcomes and cost between the United States and Japan

September 2016

Objectives: Unwarranted geographic variation in spending has received intense scrutiny in the United States.

The weaker sex? Vulnerable men and women's resilience to socio-economic disadvantage

September 2016

Sex differences in mortality vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

August 2016

Importance  Elevations in levels of total, low-density lipoprotein, and non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and, to a lesser extent,...

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis for People Who Inject Drugs in the United States

July 2016

Background: The total population health benefits and costs of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States are unclear.Objective: To evaluate the cost...

Effect of Transplant Center Volume on Cost and Readmissions in Medicare Lung Transplant Recipients

July 2016

Rationale: Although lung transplant recipient survival is better at higher volume centers, the effect of center volume on admission cost and early hospital readmission is unknown.Objectives: To...

Teamwork and Moral Hazard: Evidence from the Emergency Department

May 2016

Abstract:  I investigate how teamwork may reduce moral hazard by joint monitoring and management.

Tacit Knowledge and Team Decisions: Evidence from Physicians in Training

April 2016

Abstract: This paper studies the use of knowledge in team decisions among new physicians as they acquire knowledge in residency training.

Physician spending and subsequent risk of malpractice claims: observational study

November 2015

Abstract Study question Is a higher use of resources by physicians associated with a reduced risk of malpractice claims?Methods Using data on nearly all admissions to acute care hospitals in...

Improving the global health workforce crisis: an evaluation of Global Health Corps

November 2015

Efforts to address the global healthcare workforce crisis focus heavily on traditional service providers such as physicians and nurses.

Less Physician Practice Competition Is Associated With Higher Prices Paid For Common Procedures

October 2015

Concentration among physician groups has been steadily increasing, which may affect prices for physician services.

Defibrillator implantations for primary prevention in the United States: Inappropriate care or inadequate documentation: Insights from the National Cardiovascular Data ICD Registry

October 2015

BackgroundPrior studies have reported that more than 20% of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantations in the United States do not adhere to trial-based criteria.ObjectiveWe sought...

Risk of Cardiovascular Events Associated With Current Exposure to HIV Antiretroviral Therapies in a US Veteran Population

August 2015

Background. To characterize the association of antiretroviral drug combinations on risk of cardiovascular events.Methods. Certain antiretroviral medications for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...

Medicaid Dental Coverage Alone May Not Lower Rates Of Dental Emergency Department Visits

August 2015

Medicaid was expanded to millions of individuals under the Affordable Care Act, but many states do not provide dental coverage for adults under their Medicaid programs.

Health Aid Is Allocated Efficiently, But Not Optimally: Insights From A Review Of Cost-Effectiveness Studies

July 2015

Development assistance from high-income countries to the health sectors of low- and middle-income countries (health aid) is an important source of funding for health in low- and middle-income...

Searching for Public Health Law’s Sweet Spot: The Regulation of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

July 2015

David Studdert and colleagues explore how to balance public health, individual freedom, and good government when it comes to sugar-sweetened drinks.

Care Coordination Atlas Version 4 (Prepared by Stanford University under subcontract to American Institutes for Research on Contract No. HHSA290-2010-00005I)

June 2014

Evaluating the State of Quality-Improvement Science through Evidence Synthesis: Insights from the Closing the Quality Gap Series

December 2013

AbstractContext: The Closing the Quality Gap seriesfrom the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality summarizes evidence for eight high-priority health care topics: outcomes used in disability...

People

Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Henry T. Greely Professor, Law
Susan M. Frayne Associate Professor, Medicine
Daniel P. Kessler Professor, Law, Professor, Political Economy
Stefanos A. Zenios Professor, Operations, Information and Technology, Professor, Health Care Management
Bradley Efron Professor, Statistics, Professor, Health Research and Policy
Randall S. Stafford Professor, Medicine
Victor R. Fuchs Professor, Economics, Emeritus
Wei Yu Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
Vincenzo Atella Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
Martin Connor Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR