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Recent Scholarly Publications

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The Epidemiologic Challenge to the Conduct of Just War: Confronting Indirect Civilian Casualties of War

January 2017

Most civilian casualties in war are not the result of direct exposure to bombs and bullets; they are due to the destruction of the essentials of daily living, including food, water, shelter, and...

Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis for People Who Inject Drugs in the United States

July 2016

Background: The total population health benefits and costs of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United States are unclear.Objective: To evaluate the cost...

Evaluating Cost-effectiveness of Interventions That Affect Fertility and Childbearing: How Health Effects Are Measured Matters

April 2015

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for economic evaluations of health interventions define relevant outcomes as those accruing to individuals receiving interventions.

HIV Development Assistance and Adult Mortality in Africa

December 2012

Context  The effect of global health initiatives on population health is uncertain.

Geographical Rural Status and Health Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: An Analysis of 6 Years of National United Network of Organ Sharing Data.

December 2012

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children in rural areas have worse health than children in urban areas after liver transplantation (LT).

Impact of immunosuppression on the development of Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) viremia after pediatric liver transplantation

December 2012

Background: Pediatric liver transplant patients are at increased risk of post transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) from Epstein Barr virus (EBV) infection or reactivation after...

HIV Development Assistance and Adult Mortality in Africa

December 2012

Context  The effect of global health initiatives on population health is uncertain.

Optimal link removal for epidemic mitigation: A two-way partitioning approach

December 2012

Abstract The structure of the contact network through which a disease spreads may influence the optimal use of resources for epidemic control.

Cost-effective alternatives to liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C

December 2012

Background and Aims Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) is a liver disease affecting over 3 million Americans.

Risk Factors for Unplanned Transfer to Intensive Care Within 24 Hours of Admission From the Emergency Department in an Integrated Healthcare System

August 2012

BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) ward admissions subsequently transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) within 24 hours have higher mortality than direct ICU admissions.

Epidemiology of henipavirus disease in humans

July 2012

Assessing Screening Policies for Childhood Obesity

January 2012

To address growing concerns over childhood obesity, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently recommended that children undergo obesity screening beginning at age 6.

Poverty, Global Health, and Infectious Disease: Lessons from Haiti and Rwanda

December 2011

Cost-effectiveness analysis of adjunct VSL#3 therapy versus standard medical therapy in pediatric ulcerative colitis.

December 2011

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are costly chronic gastrointestinal diseases, with pediatric IBD representing increased costs per patient compared to adult disease.

Inflammatory bowel disease-attributable costs and cost-effective strategies in the United States: a review.

December 2011

The United States spends more for healthcare than any other country in the world.

Association of coronary CT angiography or stress testing with subsequent utilization and spending among medicare beneficiaries

December 2011

Abstract Context: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is a new noninvasive diagnostic test for coronary artery disease (CAD), but its association with subsequent clinical management has...

Management of children with sickle cell disease: A comprehensive review of the literature

December 2011

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects 70 000 to 100 000 people in the United States, and 2000 infants are born with the disease each year.

Expanding the uses of AHRQ's prevention quality indicators: validity from the clinician perspective

December 2011

Abstract BACKGROUND: The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's prevention quality indicators (PQIs) are used as a metric of area-level access to quality care.

Inferring model parameters in network-based disease simulation

December 2011

Abstract Many models of infectious disease ignore the underlying contact structure through which the disease spreads.

Doing Good with Good OR: Supporting Cost-effective Hepatitis B Interventions

December 2011

Abstract In an era of limited healthcare budgets, mathematical models can be useful tools to identify cost-effective programs and to support policymakers in informed decision making.

Influence of Age on Perioperative Complications Among Patients Undergoing Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators for Primary Prevention in the United States

December 2011

Abstract BACKGROUND- The majority of current implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) recipients are significantly older than those in the ICD trials.

Translating scientific advances to improved outcomes for children with sickle cell disease: a timely opportunity

December 2011

Abstract Despite the recent advances made in the care of children with sickle cell disease (SCD), premature mortality, especially among older children and young adults, remains a hallmark of this...

HIV-1 clade C envelopes obtained from late stage symptomatic Indian patients varied in their ability towards relative CD4 usages and sensitivity to CCR5 antagonist TAK-779

December 2011

The mechanism by which strictly CCR5 using HIV-1 clade C variants exacerbate disease progression in absence of coreceptor switch is not clearly known.

People

Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Randall S. Stafford Professor, Medicine
Stefanos A. Zenios Professor, Operations, Information and Technology, Professor, Health Care Management
John Morton Associate Professor, Surgery
Julie Parsonnet Professor, Medicine, Professor, Health Research and Policy
Glenn M. Chertow Professor, Medicine
Kevin Erickson CHP/PCOR Associate Instructor, Medicine
Sara Cody Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
Neesha Joseph Program Manager, CDEHA