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Recent Publications

Records 24 / 1763

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation and Health Care Expenditures Among Low-Income Adults

September 2017

ObjectiveTo determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures.Main Outcomes and MeasuresTotal health care...

Drug-Free Interventions to Reduce Pain or Opioid Consumption After Total Knee Arthroplasty A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

September 2017

To systematically review and meta-analyze evidence of nonpharmacological interventions for postoperative pain management after total knee arthroplasty.

Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation

September 2017

This paper studies how in utero exposure to maternal stress from family ruptures affects later mental health.

High Levels Of Capitation Payments Needed To Shift Primary Care Toward Proactive Team And Nonvisit Care

September 2017

Capitated payments in the form of fixed monthly payments to cover all of the costs associated with delivering primary care could encourage primary care practices to transform the way they deliver...

Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men

August 2017

For forty years, the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male passively monitored hundreds of adult black males with syphilis despite the availability of effective treatment.

Childhood Illness and the Gender Gap in Adolescent Education in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

July 2017

Achieving gender equality in education is an important development goal.

The Evolving Story of Overlapping Surgery

June 2017

In December 2015, a Boston Globe investigation of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) sparked investigations into concurrent and overlapping surgery.

Implementation science for ambulatory care safety: a novel method to develop context-sensitive interventions to reduce quality gaps in monitoring high-risk patients.

June 2017

Missed evidence-based monitoring in high-risk conditions (e.g., cancer) leads to delayed diagnosis. Current technological solutions fail to close this safety gap.

Ten years after the financial crisis: The long reach of austerity and its global impacts on health

June 2017

The global financial crisis starting in 2007 prompted national governments around the world, and notably many within the European Union, to implement austerity measures.

Malaria control adds to the evidence for health aid effectiveness

June 2017

The new United States administration’s first budget proposal, previewed in March and released in May, 2017, includes deep cuts to foreign aid, cycling this thorny issue back into the American...

Every Breath You Take — Every Dollar You’ll Make: The Long-Term Consequences of the Clean Air Act of 1970

June 2017

This paper examines the long-term impacts of early childhood exposure to air pollution on adult outcomes using U.S. administrative data.

Population Policy, Fertility Decline, and Sex Selection: New Evidence from China under Mao

April 2017

Signing Up New Fathers: Do Paternity Establishment Initiatives Increase Marriage, Parental Investment, and Child Well-Being?

April 2017

With nearly half of U.S. births occurring out of wedlock, understanding how parents navigate their relationship options is important.

Development and Validation of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Measures of Potentially Preventable Emergency Department (ED) Visits: The ED Prevention Quality Indicators for General Health Conditions

March 2017

ObjectiveTo develop and validate rates of potentially preventable emergency department (ED) visits as indicators of community health.Data SourcesAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality,...

Different Strokes for Different Folks: Experimental Evidence on the Effectiveness of Input and Output Incentive Contracts for Maternal Health Care in India

March 2017

Technological Progress and Health Convergence: The Case of Penicillin in Post-War Italy

March 2017

Medical Liability — Prospects for Federal Reform

March 2017

Medical malpractice reform appears to be back on the federal policy agenda.

Municipal Water Disinfection and Mortality Decline in Developing Countries: Evidence from Mexico’s Programa Agua Limpia

March 2017

Historically, improvements in the quality of municipal drinking water made important contributions to mortality decline in wealthy countries.

Personality Traits and Performance Contracts: Evidence from a Field Experiment among Maternity Care Providers in India

March 2017

We study how agents respond to performance incentives according to key personality traits (conscientiousness and neuroticism) through a field experiment offering financial incentives for improving...

Effect of a Social Franchising and Telemedicine Programme on Health Care Providers’ Knowledge of, and Quality of Care for, Childhood Diarrhoea and Pneumonia in Bihar, India

March 2017

Objective To evaluate the impact on the quality of the care provided for childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia in Bihar, India of a large-scale, social franchising and telemedicine programme– the World...

The Epidemiologic Challenge to the Conduct of Just War: Confronting Indirect Civilian Casualties of War

January 2017

Most civilian casualties in war are not the result of direct exposure to bombs and bullets; they are due to the destruction of the essentials of daily living, including food, water, shelter, and...

Screening for Colorectal Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

December 2016

Importance  Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

Breast density notification legislation and breast cancer stage at diagnosis: early evidence from the SEER registry

November 2016

BackgroundTwenty-eight states have passed breast density notification laws, which require physicians to inform women of a finding of dense breasts on mammography.ObjectiveTo evaluate changes in...

People

Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine
Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Victor R. Fuchs Professor, Economics, Emeritus
W. Richard Scott Professor, Sociology, Emeritus
Susan M. Frayne Associate Professor, Medicine
Glenn M. Chertow Professor, Medicine
Todd Wagner Fellow, CHP/PCOR Associate Professor, Surgery, Associate Director, HERC