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Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Projects

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Pigs and Parasites: Developing Interventions to End Cycles of Poverty Caused by Taenia solium and Neurocysticercosis

Neurocysticercosis is a neglected infectious disease caused by larval forms of the pig tapeworm, Taenia solium, infecting people's brains.
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Reducing lead exposure among residents of Bangladesh

Lead is a potent neurotoxin that irreversibly impairs child cognitive development.
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Adapting the Future Elderly Model to Japan

This project adapts the Future Elderly Model (FEM), a demographic and economic Markov microsimulation model that projects the health conditions and functional status of an elderly population, to...
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Empirical Evidence on Wealth Inequalities and Health in Developing Countries

This study aims to assess the extent to which wealth accurately proxies health status in low- and middle-income countries.
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Development of Quality Indicators for the Home and Community-Based Services Population

The  Quality Indicators (QIs) for Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) Population are intended to reflect the health and well-being of beneficiaries receiving HCBS through state Medicaid...
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Characterization of Readmission in California

This project aimed to further the understanding of readmission patterns in California including their relationship with hospital quality indicators.  It also evaluated hospital performance using...
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Measurement and Reporting with All-Payer Claims Databases

Transparency is becoming increasingly important in the health care system.
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AHRQ Quality Indicators Enhancement

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Quality Indicators (QIs) are a set of four indicator modules that use hospital discharge data to reflect quality of care and access to care....
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Center for Policy, Outcomes and Prevention (CPOP)

The Center for Policy, Outcomes and Prevention (CPOP) was established in 2004 as a core program of the Department of Pediatrics to provide a strong foundation for the development of a nationally...
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Stanford India Health Policy Initiative

The Stanford India Health Policy Initiative aims to identify institutional and behavioral obstacles that prevent health policies and programs from reaching their full potential.
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Hospital Response to Attention and Financial Incentives for Preventing Readmissions

There has been much policy focus on reducing readmissions, however it is unclear what the hospital response to this will be.
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Prenatal Care and Labor Outcomes

We use quasi-random variation in the time of birth to examine whether it matters if a patient’s prenatal physician performs her delivery.
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Smart Agents to Reduce the Parent Health Literacy Burden in the Care of the Children with Medical Complexity

(Partner:  Harvard University School of Engineering and Applied Science) This inter-disciplinary project addresses two formidable health care realities: the growing number of patients with chronic...
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Efforts to clean air and improve health by modifying brick manufacturing in Bangladesh

Bricks, an essential building material in Bangladesh, are overwhelmingly manufactured in small kilns that produce low-priced bricks but generate substantial air pollution, which adversely affects...
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Reducing the risk of Nipah virus transmission in Bangladesh

Nipah virus commonly infects large fruit bats in South and Southeast Asia.
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Consortium for Health Care Informatics Research (CHIR): Translational Use Case Project Natural Language Processing of Chest Radiograph Reports

The Consortium for Healthcare Informatics Research (CHIR) is a multisite project funded by Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D).
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Automated performance metrics for quality improvement in complex chronic disease

As the population of older adults in the US increases, there is a growing need for performance measurement systems that take multiple comorbid conditions into account.
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Striving for good feelings or averting bad ones

Previous research suggests that the emotions people value (“ideal affect”) can help explain cultural differences in health care preferences.  For example, those valuing excitement tend to prefer...
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The role of message framing in health behavior promotion among older adults

Adherence rates to public health recommendations are low, and seem to be falling.
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Age Related Positivity Effect in Decision Making: Implications for Choice Preferences and Decision Quality

Prior research indicates reliable age differences in decision making processes consistent with the age-related positivity effect: Relative to younger adults, older adults demonstrate greater...
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Improving the quality of quality metrics for decision making: Understanding the role of social factors on hospital rates

This study will examine the relationship between social factors and hospital utilization using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS).
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Close other bias in older adults: Effects on prosocial behavior

Human beings are incredibly prosocial: helping others at no material benefit, or even at a cost, to the self.
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Can health coaches improve decision making for elderly with cancer?

Background: Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States and disproportionately affects elderly patient populations.
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People

Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine
Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Bradley Efron Professor, Statistics, Professor, Health Research and Policy
Ross D. Shachter Associate Professor, Management Science and Engineering
Wei Yu Adjunct Affiliate, CHP/PCOR
John Morton Associate Professor, Surgery
Manali Patel VA HSR&D Fellow, CHP/PCOR