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Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 1007

Modeling Public Health and Healthcare Systems

November 2017

From federal reforms to hospital management, the road to better and more cost-effective healthcare is paved with difficult questions: How do we reduce wait times?

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation and Health Care Expenditures Among Low-Income Adults

September 2017

ObjectiveTo determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures.Main Outcomes and MeasuresTotal health care...

Drug-Free Interventions to Reduce Pain or Opioid Consumption After Total Knee Arthroplasty A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

September 2017

To systematically review and meta-analyze evidence of nonpharmacological interventions for postoperative pain management after total knee arthroplasty.

Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation

September 2017

This paper studies how in utero exposure to maternal stress from family ruptures affects later mental health.

High Levels Of Capitation Payments Needed To Shift Primary Care Toward Proactive Team And Nonvisit Care

September 2017

Capitated payments in the form of fixed monthly payments to cover all of the costs associated with delivering primary care could encourage primary care practices to transform the way they deliver...

Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men

August 2017

For forty years, the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male passively monitored hundreds of adult black males with syphilis despite the availability of effective treatment.

Ten years after the financial crisis: The long reach of austerity and its global impacts on health

June 2017

The global financial crisis starting in 2007 prompted national governments around the world, and notably many within the European Union, to implement austerity measures.

Malaria control adds to the evidence for health aid effectiveness

June 2017

The new United States administration’s first budget proposal, previewed in March and released in May, 2017, includes deep cuts to foreign aid, cycling this thorny issue back into the American...

Every Breath You Take — Every Dollar You’ll Make: The Long-Term Consequences of the Clean Air Act of 1970

June 2017

This paper examines the long-term impacts of early childhood exposure to air pollution on adult outcomes using U.S. administrative data.

Signing Up New Fathers: Do Paternity Establishment Initiatives Increase Marriage, Parental Investment, and Child Well-Being?

April 2017

With nearly half of U.S. births occurring out of wedlock, understanding how parents navigate their relationship options is important.

Different Strokes for Different Folks: Experimental Evidence on the Effectiveness of Input and Output Incentive Contracts for Maternal Health Care in India

March 2017

Technological Progress and Health Convergence: The Case of Penicillin in Post-War Italy

March 2017

Personality Traits and Performance Contracts: Evidence from a Field Experiment among Maternity Care Providers in India

March 2017

We study how agents respond to performance incentives according to key personality traits (conscientiousness and neuroticism) through a field experiment offering financial incentives for improving...

Effect of a Social Franchising and Telemedicine Programme on Health Care Providers’ Knowledge of, and Quality of Care for, Childhood Diarrhoea and Pneumonia in Bihar, India

March 2017

Objective To evaluate the impact on the quality of the care provided for childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia in Bihar, India of a large-scale, social franchising and telemedicine programme– the World...

Breast density notification legislation and breast cancer stage at diagnosis: early evidence from the SEER registry

November 2016

BackgroundTwenty-eight states have passed breast density notification laws, which require physicians to inform women of a finding of dense breasts on mammography.ObjectiveTo evaluate changes in...

Sources of variation in under-5 mortality across sub-Saharan Africa: a spatial analysis

October 2016

The ongoing decline in under-5 mortality ranks among the most significant public and population health successes of the past 30 years.

Cost-effectiveness of improvements in diagnosis and treatment accessibility for tuberculosis control in India

September 2016

SETTING:Inaccurate diagnosis and inaccessibility of care undercut the effectiveness of high-quality anti-tuberculosis treatment and select for resistance.

Predicting inpatient clinical order patterns with probabilistic topic models vs conventional order sets

September 2016

ObjectiveBuild probabilistic topic model representations of hospital admissions processes and compare the ability of such models to predict clinical order patterns as compared to preconstructed...

Outcomes of notifications to health practitioner boards: a retrospective cohort study

August 2016

BackgroundMedical boards and other practitioner boards aim to protect the public from unsafe practice.

It’s not what you say, it’s how you say it: Communicating Nipah virus prevention messages during an outbreak in Bangladesh

August 2016

BackgroundDuring a fatal Nipah virus (NiV) outbreak in Bangladesh, residents rejected biomedical explanations of NiV transmission and treatment and lost trust in the public healthcare system.

Test Case Selection in Pre-Deployment Testing of Complex Clinical Decision Support Systems

July 2016

Clinical decision support (CDS) systems with complex logic are being developed. Ensuring the quality of CDS is imperative, but there is no consensus on testing standards.

Risk selection and heterogeneous preferences in health insurance markets with a public option

July 2016

Abstract:  Conventional wisdom suggests that if private health insurance plans compete alongside a public option, they may endanger the latter's financial stability by cream-skimming good risks....

Quality Indicator Development for Positive Screen Follow-up for Sickle Cell Disease and Trait

July 2016

Extensive variation exists in the follow-up of positive screens for sickle cell disease.

People

Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine
Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Daniel P. Kessler Professor, Law, Professor, Political Economy
Randall S. Stafford Professor, Medicine
Stefanos A. Zenios Professor, Operations, Information and Technology, Professor, Health Care Management
Jonathan Shaw Clinical Assistant Professor, Medicine
Maria Polyakova Assistant Professor, HRP