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Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 1101

Is Single Payer the Answer for the US Health Care System?

January 2018

The recent challenges to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which has increased the number of individuals with health insurance in the United States but has had little effect on cost, has revived the...

Drug Companies’ Liability for the Opioid Epidemic

December 2017

The opioid epidemic has claimed more than 300,000 lives in the United States since 20001 and could claim another half million over the next decade.

Family Planning and Fertility Behavior: Evidence from Twentieth Century Malaysia

December 2017

There is longstanding debate about the contribution of family planning programs to fertility decline.

Relationship between season of birth, temperature exposure, and later life wellbeing

December 2017

We study how exposure to extreme temperatures in early periods of child development is related to adult economic outcomes measured 30 y later.

Marketplace Plans Provide Risk Protection, But Actuarial Values Overstate Realized Coverage For Most Enrollees

December 2017

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased the number of Americans with health insurance.

Characteristics Associated With Decreased or Increased Mortality Risk From Glycemic Therapy Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and High Cardiovascular Risk: Machine Learning Analysis of the ACCORD Trial

December 2017

OBJECTIVE Identifying patients who may experience decreased or increased mortality risk from intensive glycemic therapy for type 2 diabetes remains an important clinical challenge.

Validation of Risk Equations for Complications of Type 2 Diabetes (RECODe) Using Individual Participant Data From Diverse Longitudinal Cohorts in the U.S.

December 2017

OBJECTIVE We sought to validate risk equations for complications of type 2 diabetes (RECODe) among diverse populations.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We compared risk predictions from RECODe equations...

PCSK9 Inhibitors Economics and Policy

November 2017

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors substantially reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, but it is presently unclear whether they also reduce mortality.

Modeling Public Health and Healthcare Systems

November 2017

From federal reforms to hospital management, the road to better and more cost-effective healthcare is paved with difficult questions: How do we reduce wait times?

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation and Health Care Expenditures Among Low-Income Adults

September 2017

ObjectiveTo determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures.Main Outcomes and MeasuresTotal health care...

Drug-Free Interventions to Reduce Pain or Opioid Consumption After Total Knee Arthroplasty A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

September 2017

To systematically review and meta-analyze evidence of nonpharmacological interventions for postoperative pain management after total knee arthroplasty.

Social Isolation and Medicare Spending: Among Older Adults, Objective Isolation Increases Expenditures While Loneliness Does Not

September 2017

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of objective isolation and loneliness on Medicare spending and outcomes. Method: We linked Health and Retirement Study data to...

Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation

September 2017

This paper studies how in utero exposure to maternal stress from family ruptures affects later mental health.

High Levels Of Capitation Payments Needed To Shift Primary Care Toward Proactive Team And Nonvisit Care

September 2017

Capitated payments in the form of fixed monthly payments to cover all of the costs associated with delivering primary care could encourage primary care practices to transform the way they deliver...

Tuskegee and the Health of Black Men

August 2017

For forty years, the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male passively monitored hundreds of adult black males with syphilis despite the availability of effective treatment.

Ten years after the financial crisis: The long reach of austerity and its global impacts on health

June 2017

The global financial crisis starting in 2007 prompted national governments around the world, and notably many within the European Union, to implement austerity measures.

Malaria control adds to the evidence for health aid effectiveness

June 2017

The new United States administration’s first budget proposal, previewed in March and released in May, 2017, includes deep cuts to foreign aid, cycling this thorny issue back into the American...

Every Breath You Take — Every Dollar You’ll Make: The Long-Term Consequences of the Clean Air Act of 1970

June 2017

This paper examines the long-term impacts of early childhood exposure to air pollution on adult outcomes using U.S. administrative data.

Signing Up New Fathers: Do Paternity Establishment Initiatives Increase Marriage, Parental Investment, and Child Well-Being?

April 2017

With nearly half of U.S. births occurring out of wedlock, understanding how parents navigate their relationship options is important.

Different Strokes for Different Folks: Experimental Evidence on the Effectiveness of Input and Output Incentive Contracts for Maternal Health Care in India

March 2017

Technological Progress and Health Convergence: The Case of Penicillin in Post-War Italy

March 2017

Personality Traits and Performance Contracts: Evidence from a Field Experiment among Maternity Care Providers in India

March 2017

We study how agents respond to performance incentives according to key personality traits (conscientiousness and neuroticism) through a field experiment offering financial incentives for improving...

Effect of a Social Franchising and Telemedicine Programme on Health Care Providers’ Knowledge of, and Quality of Care for, Childhood Diarrhoea and Pneumonia in Bihar, India

March 2017

Objective To evaluate the impact on the quality of the care provided for childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia in Bihar, India of a large-scale, social franchising and telemedicine programme– the World...

People

Douglas K. Owens Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
David Relman Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine, Professor, Microbiology and Immunology
Paul H. Wise Senior Fellow Professor, Pediatrics (CHP/PCOR)
Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Jay Bhattacharya Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Kathryn M. McDonald Senior Research Scholar Executive Director, CHP/PCOR, Senior Scholar, CHP/PCOR
Michele Barry Senior Fellow, by courtesy Professor, Medicine
Paul Yock Professor, Medicine, Professor, Bioengineering
Eric Sun Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology
Henry T. Greely Professor, Law
Julie Parsonnet Professor, Medicine, Professor, Health Research and Policy